0
Research Papers: Alternative Energy Sources

Optimum Heat Source Temperature and Performance Comparison of LiCl–H2O and LiBr–H2O Type Solar Cooling System

[+] Author and Article Information
Bhargav Pandya, V. K. Matawala

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Gujarat Power Engineering and
Research Institute,
Gujarat 382710, India

Vinay Kumar

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Gujarat Power Engineering and
Research Institute,
Gujarat 382710, India
e-mail: vinaysharma.energy@gmail.com

Jatin Patel

School of Technology,
Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University,
Raisan,
Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382007, India

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 6, 2017; final manuscript received December 28, 2017; published online January 31, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Esmail M. A. Mokheimer.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(5), 051204 (Jan 31, 2018) (12 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1340; doi: 10.1115/1.4038918 History: Received July 06, 2017; Revised December 28, 2017

This comprehensive investigation has been executed to compare the thermodynamic performance and optimization of LiCl–H2O and LiBr–H2O type absorption system integrated with flat-plate collectors (FPC), parabolic-trough collectors (PTC), evacuated-tube collectors (ETC), and compound parabolic collectors (CPC). A model of 10 kW is analyzed in engineering equation solver (ees) from thermodynamic perspectives. Solar collectors are integrated with a storage tank which fueled the LiCl–H2O and LiBr–H2O vapor absorption system to produce refrigeration at 7 °C in evaporator for Gujarat Region of India. The main objective includes the evaluation and optimization of critical performance and design parameters to exhibit the best working fluid pair and collector type. Optimum heat source temperature corresponding to energetic and exergetic aspects for LiCl–H2O pair is lower than that of LiBr–H2O pair for all collectors. Simulation shows that FPC has lowest capital cost, exergetic performance wise PTC is optimum, and ETC requires lowest collector area. On the basis of overall evaluation, solar absorption cooling systems are better to be powered by ETC with LiCl–H2O working fluid pair.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Wu, S. , and Eames, I. W. , 2000, “Innovations in Vapour-Absorption Cycles,” Appl. Energy, 66(3), pp. 251–266. [CrossRef]
Harinarayana, T. , and Kashyap, K. J. , 2014, “Solar Energy Generation Potential Estimation in India and Gujarat, Andhra, Telangana States,” Smart Grid Renewable Energy, 5(11), pp. 275–280. [CrossRef]
Srikhirin, P. , Aphornratana, S. , and Chungpaibulpatana, S. , 2001, “A Review of Absorption Refrigeration Technologies,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 5(4), pp. 343–372. [CrossRef]
Gommed, K. , Grossman, G. , and Ziegler, F. , 2004, “Experimental Investigation of a LiCl-Water Open Absorption System for Cooling and Dehumidification,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 126(2), pp. 710–715. [CrossRef]
Won, S. H. , and Lee, W. Y. , 1991, “Thermodynamic Design Data for Double Effect Absorption Heat Pump Systems Using Water-Lithium Chloride Cooling,” Heat Recovery Syst. CHP, 11(1), pp. 41–48. [CrossRef]
Saravanan, R. , and Maiya, M. P. , 1998, “Thermodynamic Comparison of Water-Based Working Fluid Combinations for a Vapour Absorption Refrigeration System,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 18(7), pp. 553–568. [CrossRef]
El-Ghalban, A. R. , 2002, “Operational Results of an Intermittent Absorption Cooling Unit,” Int. J. Energy Res., 26(9), pp. 825–835. [CrossRef]
Gunhan, T. , Ekren, O. , Demir, V. , Hepbasli, A. , Erek, A. , and Sahin, A. S. , 2014, “Experimental Exergetic Performance Evaluation of a Novel Solar Assisted LiCl–H2O Absorption Cooling System,” Energy Build., 68(Pt. A), pp. 138–146. [CrossRef]
Gogoi, T. K. , and Konwar, D. , 2016, “Exergy Analysis of a H2O–LiCl Absorption Refrigeration System With Operating Temperatures Estimated Through Inverse Analysis,” Energy Convers. Manage., 110, pp. 436–447. [CrossRef]
Gogoi, T. K. , 2016, “Estimation of Operating Parameters of a Water–LiBr Vapor Absorption Refrigeration System Through Inverse Analysis,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(2), p. 022002. [CrossRef]
Kerme, E. D. , Chafidz, A. , Agboola, O. P. , Orfi, J. , Fakeeha, A. H. , and Al-Fatesh, A. S. , 2017, “Energetic and Exergetic Analysis of Solar-Powered Lithium Bromide-Water Absorption Cooling System,” J. Clean. Prod., 151, pp. 60–73. [CrossRef]
Li, Z. F. , and Sumathy, K. , 2001, “Experimental Studies on a Solar Powered Air Conditioning System With Partitioned Hot Water Storage Tank,” Sol. Energy, 71(5), pp. 285–297. [CrossRef]
Ortiz, M. , Barsun, H. , He, H. , Vorobieff, P. , and Mammoli, A. , 2010, “Modeling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System With Thermal Storage,” Energy Build., 42(4), pp. 500–509. [CrossRef]
Ghaddar, N. K. , Shihab, M. , and Bdeir, F. , 1997, “Modeling and Simulation of Solar Absorption System Performance in Beirut,” Renewable Energy, 10(4), pp. 539–558. [CrossRef]
Onan, C. , Ozkan, D. B. , and Erdem, S. , 2010, “Exergy Analysis of a Solar Assisted Absorption Cooling System on an Hourly Basis in Villa Applications,” Energy, 35(12), pp. 5277–5285. [CrossRef]
Parham, K. , Atikol, U. , Yari, M. , and Agboola, O. P. , 2013, “Evaluation and Optimization of Single Stage Absorption Chiller Using (LiCl–H2O) as the Working Pair,” Adv. Mech. Eng., 5, p. 683157.
She, X. , Yin, Y. , Xu, M. , and Zhang, X. , 2015, “A Novel Low-Grade Heat-Driven Absorption Refrigeration System With LiCl–H2O and LiBr–H2O Working Pairs,” Int. J. Refrig., 58, pp. 219–234. [CrossRef]
Mazloumi, M. , Naghashzadegan, M. , and Javaherdeh, K. , 2008, “Simulation of Solar Lithium Bromide–Water Absorption Cooling System With Parabolic Trough Collector,” Energy Convers. Manage, 49(10), pp. 2820–2832. [CrossRef]
Chen, J. F. , Dai, Y. J. , and Wang, R. Z. , 2017, “Experimental and Analytical Study on an Air-Cooled Single Effect LiBr–H2O Absorption Chiller Driven by Evacuated Glass Tube Solar Collector for Cooling Application in Residential Buildings,” Sol. Energy, 151, pp. 110–118. [CrossRef]
Assilzadeh, F. , Kalogirou, S. A. , Ali, Y. , and Sopian, K. , 2005, “Simulation and Optimization of a LiBr Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors,” Renew. Energy, 30(8), pp. 1143–1159. [CrossRef]
Rubio-Maya, C. , Pacheco-Ibarra, J. J. , Belman-Flores, J. M. , Galván-González, S. R. , and Mendoza-Covarrubias, C. , 2012, “NLP Model of a LiBr–H2O Absorption Refrigeration System for the Minimization of the Annual Operating Cost,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 37, pp. 10–18. [CrossRef]
Arora, A. , and Kaushik, S. C. , 2009, “Theoretical Analysis of LiBr/H2O Absorption Refrigeration Systems,” Int. J. Energy Res., 33(15), pp. 1321–1340. [CrossRef]
Samanta, S. , and Basu, D. N. , 2016, “Energy and Entropy-Based Optimization of a Single-Stage Water–Lithium Bromide Absorption Refrigeration System,” Heat Transfer Eng., 37(2), pp. 232–241. [CrossRef]
Saleh, A. , and Mosa, M. , 2014, “Optimization Study of a Single-Effect Water–Lithium Bromide Absorption Refrigeration System Powered by Flat-Plate Collector in Hot Regions,” Energy Convers. Manage, 87, pp. 29–36. [CrossRef]
Pandya, B. , Patel, J. , and Mudgal, A. , 2017, “Thermodynamic Evaluation of Generator Temperature in LiBr-Water Absorption System for Optimal Performance,” Energy Proc., 109, pp. 270–278. [CrossRef]
Duffie, J. A. , and Beckman, W. A. , 2006, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Mani, A. , 1980, Handbook of Solar Radiation Data for India, Allied Publishers, New Delhi, India.
Kalogirou, S. A. , 2013, Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems, Academic Press, Cambridge, MA.
Kreith, F. , 1982, Solar Heating and Cooling: Active and Passive Design, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Tsalikis, G. , and Martinopoulos, G. , 2015, “Solar Energy Systems Potential for Nearly Net Zero Energy Residential Buildings,” Sol. Energy, 115, pp. 743–756. [CrossRef]
Jafarkazemi, F. , and Ahmadifard, E. , 2013, “Energetic and Exergetic Evaluation of Flat Plate Solar Collectors,” Renewable Energy, 56, pp. 55–63. [CrossRef]
Patel, J. , Pandya, B. , and Mudgal, A. , 2017, “Exergy Based Analysis of LiCl-H2O Absorption Cooling System,” Energy Proc., 109, pp. 261–269. [CrossRef]
Laidi, M. , and Hanini, S. , 2013, “Optimal Solar COP Prediction of a Solar-Assisted Adsorption Refrigeration System Working With Activated Carbon/Methanol as Working Pairs Using Direct and Inverse Artificial Neural Network,” Int. J. Refrig., 36(1), pp. 247–257. [CrossRef]
Kalogirou, S. , 2003, “The Potential of Solar Industrial Process Heat Applications,” Appl. Energy, 76(4), pp. 337–361. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of VARS

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Variation of ηI,thermal with Tst,in for various collectors

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Variation of ηII,collector with Tst,in for various collectors

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Variation of COP and exergetic efficiency of chiller with Tst,in

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Variation of SCOP and ηII,system with Tst,in for FPC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Variation of SCOP and ηII,system with Tst,in for ETC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Variation of SCOP and ηII,system with Tst,in for CPC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Variation of SCOP and ηII,system with Tst,in for PTC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Variation of Acollector and ηII,system with Tst,in for FPC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Variation of Acollector and ηII,system with Tst,in for ETC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Variation of Acollector and ηII,system with Tst,in for CPC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Variation of Acollector and ηII,system with Tst,in for PTC-powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Comparison between optimum cost of various collector powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Comparison between optimum SCOP of various collector powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Comparison between optimum ηII,system of various collector powered chillers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Comparison between optimum area of various collector powered chillers

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In