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Research Papers: Alternative Energy Sources

Analysis and Efficiency Assessment of Direct Conversion of Wind Energy Into Heat Using Electromagnetic Induction and Thermal Energy Storage

[+] Author and Article Information
Huseyin Karasu

Clean Energy Research Laboratory,
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology,
2000 Simcoe Street North,
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
e-mail: huseyin.karasu@uoit.ca

Ibrahim Dincer

Clean Energy Research Laboratory,
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology,
2000 Simcoe Street North,
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
e-mail: ibrahim.dincer@uoit.ca

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 13, 2017; final manuscript received January 9, 2018; published online February 15, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Ryo Amano.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(7), 071201 (Feb 15, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1492; doi: 10.1115/1.4039023 History: Received September 13, 2017; Revised January 09, 2018

This study deals with thermodynamic analyses of an integrated wind thermal energy storage (WTES) system. The thermodynamic analyses of the proposed system are performed through energy and exergy approaches, and the energy and exergy efficiencies of the components in the system and overall system are determined and assessed. The magnitudes of irreversibilities are determined, and the impacts of different parameters on the performance of the system are identified. The overall energy and exergy efficiencies of the proposed system and its subsystems are computed as well. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall system are defined and obtained as 7.0% and 8.6%, respectively. WTES plants with combined molten salt energy storage application can run continuously, and can provide electrical power for both on-grid and off-grid systems. By converting the wind power into a permanent energy source, the WTES offers a practical solution that can meet the electrical demand of the regions where the climate conditions are feasible for consistent, environmentally benign and cost-effective electric power, and it can be considered as a potential energy solution.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

The schematic diagram of the proposed WTES integrated system

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Fig. 2

The energy and exergy efficiencies of the subsystems

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Fig. 3

The exergy destruction rates of the subsystems

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Fig. 4

The exergy destruction rates of the pumps, turbine, and condenser

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Fig. 5

The heat losses in the thermal energy storage tanks and wind turbine

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Fig. 6

The work rates of the pumps and wind turbine

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Fig. 7

The work rates of wind turbines, steam turbine, Rankine cycle, and overall system

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Fig. 8

The changes of condenser exergy destruction rate and network by varying turbine inlet temperature

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Fig. 9

The changes of energy and exergy efficiencies by varying turbine inlet temperature

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Fig. 10

The changes of exergy destruction rates by varying mass flow rate in Rankine cycle

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Fig. 11

The changes of exergy destruction rates and exergy efficiencies by varying mass flow rate in wind turbine cycle

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Fig. 12

The changes of heat and work rates from single wind turbine by varying wind velocity

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Fig. 13

The changes of heat and work rates from single wind turbine by varying rotor radius

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Fig. 14

The changes of induction process efficiency and heat rates from single wind turbine by varying induction efficiency

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Fig. 15

The changes of exergy destruction rates by varying inlet temperature of HTES

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Fig. 16

The changes of heat gain and loss rates in all wind turbines by varying inlet temperature of HTES

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