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Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Effect of Biochar Addition and Temperature on Hydrogen Production From the First Phase of Two-Phase Anaerobic Digestion of Carbohydrates Food Waste

[+] Author and Article Information
Nimas Mayang Sabrina Sunyoto

Centre for Energy,
The University of Western Australia,
35 Stirling Highway Crawley,
Perth 6009, Western Australia, Australia
e-mail: nimas.sunyoto@research.uwa.edu.au

Mingming Zhu

Centre for Energy,
The University of Western Australia,
35 Stirling Highway Crawley,
Perth 6009, Western Australia, Australia
e-mail: mingming.zhu@uwa.edu.au

Zhezi Zhang

Centre for Energy,
The University of Western,
Australia 35 Stirling Highway Crawley,
Perth 6009, Western Australia, Australia
e-mail: zhezi.zhang@uwa.edu.au

Dongke Zhang

Centre for Energy,
The University of Western Australia,
35 Stirling Highway Crawley,
Perth 6009, Western Australia, Australia
e-mail: dongke.zhang@uwa.edu.au

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 28, 2017; final manuscript received February 4, 2018; published online March 20, 2018. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(6), 062204 (Mar 20, 2018) (5 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1392; doi: 10.1115/1.4039318 History: Received July 28, 2017; Revised February 04, 2018

This paper reports an experimental study of the effect of biochar addition and temperature on hydrogen production in the first phase of the two-phase anaerobic digestion (TPAD) of carbohydrates food waste. Anaerobic digestion (AD) experiments using white bread representing carbohydrate food wastes were conducted in bench scale 100 ml reactors. The cultures with biochar addition were placed in the reactors and incubated at different temperatures (18, 35, and 52 °C) over a period of 8 days. The biochar addition ratio was varied from 0 to 18.6 g l−1. The daily volumetric hydrogen production was measured, and the cumulative yield (YH) and daily production rate (RH) of hydrogen were calculated. Both biochar addition and temperature affected hydrogen production significantly. YH and maximum RH increased as the biochar addition ratio increased from 0 to 10 g l−1 then decreased as the biochar addition ratio further increased up to 18.6 g l−1. At different temperatures, YH varied significantly, increasing from 846 ± 18 ml l−1 at 18 °C to 1475 ± 53 ml l−1 at 35 °C and dropped to 1149 ± 26 ml l−1 at 52 °C. The maximum RH also peaked at 35 °C, reaching 858 ± 57.1 ml l−1 day−1. The effect of biochar addition was more profound under mesophilic conditions. The results of this study confirmed the beneficial effect of biochar addition in hydrogen production of carbohydrate food waste in the TPAD process.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

A schematic showing the experimental setup (a) anaerobic digestion experimental procedure (b)

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Fig. 2

A typical gas chromatogram of gas collected from the first phase of TPAD

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Fig. 3

Cumulative yields and production rates of hydrogen production from food waste without biochar operated at initial pH 6 and 35 °C

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Fig. 4

Cumulative hydrogen yields (YH) at different biochar addition ratios of cultures operated at initial pH 6 and 35 °C

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Fig. 5

Cumulative hydrogen yields and production rate at different temperature at 10 g l−1 of biochar addition

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