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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Energy Efficient Thermoelectric Generator-Powered Localized Air-Conditioning System Applied in a Heavy-Duty Vehicle

[+] Author and Article Information
Yuan Ran, Tao Hu

Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology
for Automotive Components,
Wuhan University of Technology,
Wuhan 430070, China;
Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for
Automotive Components Technology,
Wuhan University of Technology,
Wuhan 430070, China

Yadong Deng, Chuqi Su

Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology
for Automotive Components,
Wuhan University of Technology,
Wuhan 430070, China

Xun Liu

Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology
for Automotive Components,
Wuhan University of Technology,
Wuhan 430070, China;
Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for
Automotive Components Technology,
Wuhan University of Technology,
Wuhan 430070, China
e-mail: liuxun@whut.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 28, 2017; final manuscript received March 7, 2018; published online March 29, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Mohamed A. Habib.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(7), 072007 (Mar 29, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1102; doi: 10.1115/1.4039607 History: Received February 28, 2017; Revised March 07, 2018

Thermoelectric technology applied in vehicle has become significantly essential due to the global energy crisis and the environmental protection issues. A novelty energy efficient technology called localized air-conditioning (LAC) powered by thermoelectric generator (TEG), i.e., TEG-powered LAC, is proposed in order to better utilize the generated power of TEG, only then will the fuel economy improvement be achieved. This system which has little impact on the original automotive electrical system is basically comprised of LAC, TEG, converter, and battery. The TEG can directly convert thermal energy to electrical energy to power the novelty energy-efficient air-conditioning system called LAC. The submodels of LAC and TEG are built and integrated into a heavy-duty vehicle to quantitatively assess its performance by simulation analysis. The results indicate that the novelty TEG-powered LAC system can work normally with high efficiency and improve the fuel economy by 3.7%. Therefore, this system resolves the problem of proper use of the TEG's power and provides a fully new perspective to substitute the mechanical loads to engine with electrical loads powered by TEG to improve the fuel economy with much more practicality and rationality.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

The structure of TEG

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The scheme of TEG model

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Fig. 3

The structure sketch of LAC system

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Fig. 4

The schematic diagram of TEG-powered LAC system

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Fig. 5

The scheme of TEG-powered LAC into vehicle-powertrain

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The drive cycle of C-WTVC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

The output power of TEG under the C-WTVC drive cycle

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