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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Multiple-Relaxation-Time Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Volumetric Solar Receivers

[+] Author and Article Information
Wandong Zhao, Peisheng Li, Zhaotai Wang, Shuisheng Jiang

School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,
Nanchang University,
Nanchang 330031, Jiangxi, China

Ying Zhang

School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,
Nanchang University,
Nanchang 330031, Jiangxi, China
e-mail: yzhan@ncu.edu.cn

Ben Xu

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley,
Edinburg, TX 78539
e-mail: ben.xu@utrgv.edu

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received November 17, 2017; final manuscript received March 18, 2018; published online April 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Reza Sheikhi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(8), 082003 (Apr 16, 2018) (12 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1651; doi: 10.1115/1.4039775 History: Received November 17, 2017; Revised March 18, 2018

The flow and heat transfer (FHT) in porous volumetric solar receiver was investigated through a double-distributed thermally coupled multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) lattice Boltzmann model (LBM) in this study. The MRT-LBM model was first verified by simulating the FHT in Sierpinski carpet fractal porous media and compared with the results from computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Three typical porous structures in volumetric solar receivers were developed and constructed, and then the FHT in these three porous structures were investigated using the MRT-LBM model. The effects of pore structure, Reynolds (Re) number based on air velocity at inlet, the porosity, and the thermal diffusivity of solid matrix were discussed. It was found that type-III pore structure among the three typical porous structures has the best heat transfer performance because of its lowest maximum temperature of solid particles at the inlet and the highest average temperature of air at the outlet, under the same porosity and heat flux density. Furthermore, increasing the thermal diffusivity of solid particles will lead to higher averaged air temperature at the outlet. It is hoped that the simulation results will be beneficial to the solar thermal community when designing the solar receivers in concentrated solar power (CSP) applications.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the packed-bed solar receiver

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Fig. 2

Three typical 2D porous structures

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Fig. 3

2D 9-speed (D2Q9) LBM model

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Fig. 4

2D 5-speed (D2Q5) LBM model

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Fig. 5

Boundary conditions of the expanded type-III porous structure

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Fig. 6

Schematic of the physical model of the third-order Sierpinski carpet porous media, where the black regions represent solid particle

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Fig. 7

Comparison of the temperature variations predicted by the MRT-LBM model and CFD at various locations in the third-order Sierpinski carpet porous media

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Fig. 8

Velocity contour at four different mesh resolutions (case (a): Nx×Ny = 150 × 150, case (b): Nx×Ny = 300 × 300, case (c): Nx×Ny = 450 × 450, and case (d): Nx×Ny = 600 × 600)

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Fig. 9

Comparison of velocity distribution at the centerline of the computational domain along the y-axis for the four cases with different grid numbers

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Fig. 10

Streamline inside three different typical pore structures

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Fig. 11

Velocity contours of three different typical pore structures

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Fig. 12

Time evolution of maximum temperature of solid particles at the inlet for three typical pore structures

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Fig. 13

Time evolution of avearge temperature of solid particles at the outlet for three typical pore structures

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Fig. 14

Temperature contours of three different pore structures with the same porosity

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Fig. 15

Time evolution of the inlet maximum temperature of air and avearge temperature of solid particles at the outlet for three typical pore structures

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Fig. 16

The temperature distribution of solid particles and air for type-I porous structure in the solar receiver

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Fig. 17

The relationship between the maximum temperature of solid matrix and the diameter of solid particles for three typical pore structure

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Fig. 18

The relationship between the maximum temperature of solid matrix at the inlet and the Re number for three typical pore structures

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Fig. 19

Temperature contours of type I with three different thermal diffusivities of solid matrix (note: case (a): αs = αSiC; case (a): αs = 2αSiC; and case (a): αs = 3αSiC)

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Fig. 20

Variation of the maximum temperature of solid and air at the inlet and the outlet average temperature of solid and air versus time when the thermal diffusivity of type-I is one, two, and three times of silicon carbide

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Fig. 21

Relation between the temperature of the solid substrate and the air along the flow direction when the temperatures of the three cases with different thermal diffusivities at the steady-state

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