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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

A Comparative Study of Syngas Production From Two Types of Biomass Feedstocks With Waste Heat Recovery

[+] Author and Article Information
Shahid Islam

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology,
2000 Simcoe Street North,
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada;
Mechanical Engineering Department,
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: shahid.islam@uoit.ca

Ibrahim Dincer

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology,
2000 Simcoe Street North,
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada;
Mechanical Engineering Faculty,
Yildiz Technical University,
Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 27, 2017; final manuscript received March 25, 2018; published online April 19, 2018. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(9), 092002 (Apr 19, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1597; doi: 10.1115/1.4039873 History: Received October 27, 2017; Revised March 25, 2018

This paper deals with an integrated biomass system developed for syngas production with waste heat recovery option and analyzes this system thermodynamically using both energy and exergy approaches. Also, an aspenplus simulation model is developed to demonstrate comparative gasification analyses of wood (Birch) and olive waste using Gibbs reactor for syngas production. Gibbs free energy minimization technique is applied to calculate the equilibrium of chemical reactions. In this newly developed model, the heat of the product syngas and the waste heat from the flue gas are recovered through a unique integration of four heat exchangers to produce steam for the gasification process. The sensitivity analyses are performed to observe the variations in the concentration of the methane, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in syngas against various operating conditions. Furthermore, the performance of gasifier is indicated through cold gas energy efficiency (CGE) and cold gas exergy efficiency (CGEX). The overall energy and exergy analyses are also conducted, and the comparisons reveal that the biomass composed of olive waste yields high magnitude of overall and cold gas energy efficiencies, whereas wood (Birch) yields high magnitude of overall and cold gas exergy efficiencies. Moreover, the energy of the product syngas is recovered through an expander which enhances energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall system. The present results show that the CGE, CGEX, and overall energetic and exergetic efficiencies follow a decreasing trend with the increase in combustion temperature. The proposed system has superior and unique features as compared to conventional biomass gasification systems.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

aspenplus process flow sheet of biomass energy-based system for syngas production with waste heat recovery system

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Fig. 2

Comparison of elemental yields of syngas (volume %, dry basis), and energy and exergy efficiencies of wood (Birch) and olive waste

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Fig. 3

Effect of variation in the mass flow rate of steam on volume fraction (dry basis) of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen using wood (Birch)

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Fig. 4

Effect of variation in the mass flow rate of steam on volume fraction (dry basis) of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen using olive waste

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Fig. 5

Effect of variation in the gasifier pressure on volume fraction (dry basis) of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen using wood (Birch)

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Fig. 6

Effect of variation in the gasifier pressure on volume fraction (dry basis) of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen using olive waste

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Fig. 7

Effect of variation in the combustion temperature on volume fraction (dry basis) of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen using wood (Birch)

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Fig. 8

Effect of variation in the combustion temperature on volume fraction (dry basis) of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen using olive waste

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Fig. 9

Effect of variation in the combustion temperature on LHV, HHV, CGE, and CGEX using wood (Birch)

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Fig. 10

Effect of variation in the combustion temperature on LHV, HHV, CGE, and CGEX using olive waste

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Fig. 11

Effect of variation in the combustion temperature on LHV, HHV, and overall energy and exergy efficiencies using wood (Birch)

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Fig. 12

Effect of variation in the combustion temperature on LHV, HHV, and overall energy and exergy efficiencies using olive waste

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