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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Techno-Economic Analysis of a Carbon Capture Chemical Looping Combustion Power Plant

[+] Author and Article Information
Oghare Victor Ogidiama

Department of Mechanical and Materials
Engineering,
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology,
P.O. Box 54224,
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Mohammad Abu Zahra

Department of Chemical and Environmental
Engineering,
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology,
P.O. Box 54224,
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Tariq Shamim

Department of Mechanical and
Materials Engineering,
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology,
P.O. Box 54224,
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates;
Mechanical Engineering Program,
University of Michigan-Flint,
Flint, MI 48502
e-mail: shamim@umich.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received December 15, 2017; final manuscript received May 2, 2018; published online June 12, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Mohamed A. Habib.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(11), 112004 (Jun 12, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1714; doi: 10.1115/1.4040193 History: Received December 15, 2017; Revised May 02, 2018

High energy penalty and cost are major obstacles in the widespread use of CO2 capture techniques for reducing CO2 emissions. Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is an innovative means of achieving CO2 capture with less cost and low energy penalty. This paper conducts a detailed techno-economic analysis of a natural gas-fired CLC-based power plant. The power plant capacity is 1000 MWth gross power on a lower heating value basis. The analysis was done using Aspen Plus. The cost analysis was done by considering the plant location to be in the United Arab Emirates. The plant performance was analyzed by using the cost of equipment, cost of electricity, payback period, and the cost of capture. The performance of the CLC system was also compared with a conventional natural gas combined cycle plant of the same capacity integrated with post combustion CO2 capture technology. The analysis shows that the CLC system had a plant efficiency of 55.6%, electricity cost of 5.5 cents/kWh, payback time of 3.77 years, and the CO2 capture cost of $27.5/ton. In comparison, a similar natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plant with CO2 capture had an efficiency of 50.6%, cost of electricity of 6.1 cents/kWh, payback period of 4.57 years, and the capture cost of $42.9/ton. This analysis shows the economic advantage of the CLC integrated power plants.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Chemical looping combustion system schematic

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Fig. 2

Simplified flow diagram of the CLC system

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Fig. 3

Aspen plus CLC model

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Fig. 4

Effect of scaling factor on the cost of the CLC reactors

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Fig. 5

Percentages of the major cost components for the three power plants

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Fig. 6

Comparison of major annual costs for the three power plants

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Fig. 7

Effect of natural gas prices on the cost of electricity

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Fig. 8

Effect of natural gas price on cost of CO2 captured

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Fig. 9

Effect of Ni price on the cost of electricity

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Fig. 10

Effect of the plant capacity factor on the cost of electricity

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Fig. 11:

Effect of the plant capacity factor on the cost of CO2 captured

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Fig. 12

Effect of the turbine efficiency on the plant COE

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Fig. 13

Effect of the compressor efficiency on the plant COE

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