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research-article

Unburnt carbon from oxygen-enriched combustion of low quality fuels at low temperatures

[+] Author and Article Information
Hanzade Haykiri-Acma

Chemical Engineering Dept., Istanbul Technical Univ., 34469, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
hanzade@itu.edu.tr

Serdar Yaman

Chemical Engineering Dept., Istanbul Technical Univ., 34469, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
yamans@itu.edu.tr

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4040792 History: Received March 30, 2018; Revised July 03, 2018

Abstract

This paper investigates the effectiveness of oxygen-enriched combustion process at low temperatures to avoid the unburnt carbon that remains in ash during conventional burning process. For this, thermal treatment of low quality fuels such as olive pomace and a Turkish lignite (Afsin-Elbistan) under oxygen-enriched conditions was tested in a tube furnace at temperatures between 400-700°C under O2/N2 mixtures containing O2 ratios in the range of 25-50 vol%. The calorific value and the unburnt carbon content of the residues from these tests were used to investigate the combined effects of temperature and O2 concentration on unusable part of fuels. Thermal reactivity of untreated parent samples and the residues obtained from oxygen-enriched combustion was also compared based on DTA (Differential Thermal Analysis) and DTG (Derivative Thermogravimetry) profiles. It was determined that oxygen-enriched conditions are able to remove the organic part of the fuels at low temperatures easily as O2 concentration increases and the oxygen-enriched conditions shifted complete burning temperature to lower values.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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