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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Thermodynamic and Economic Analysis Between Organic Rankine Cycle and Kalina Cycle for Waste Heat Recovery From Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage Process in Oilfield

[+] Author and Article Information
Li Zhang

College of Petroleum Engineering,
Liaoning Shihua University,
Fushun 113001, China
e-mail: 353179268@qq.com

Zhen Pan

College of Petroleum Engineering,
Liaoning Shihua University,
Fushun 113001, China
e-mail: 2778658473@qq.com

Zhien Zhang

Key Laboratory of Low-Grade Energy Utilization
Technologies and Systems,
Ministry of Education of China,
Chongqing University,
Chongqing 400044, China
e-mail: zhienzhang@hotmail.com

Liyan Shang

College of Chemistry,
Chemical Engineering and
Environmental Engineering,
Liaoning Shihua University,
Fushun 113001, China
e-mail: 40940927@qq.com

Jiangbo Wen

School of Petroleum Engineering,
Guangdong University of Petrochemical
Technology,
Maoming 525000, China
e-mail: wen_jiangbo@126.com

Shujun Chen

College of Pipeline and Civil Engineering,
China University of Petroleum (East China),
Qingdao 266555, China
e-mail: chensj@upc.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 12, 2018; final manuscript received August 2, 2018; published online August 30, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Abel Hernandez-Guerrero.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(12), 122005 (Aug 30, 2018) (13 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1123; doi: 10.1115/1.4041093 History: Received February 12, 2018; Revised August 02, 2018

A thermodynamic and economic comparative analysis are presented for waste heat recovery (WHR) from the heavy oil production with steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) process employing organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and Kalina cycle (KC). The liquefied natural gas (LNG) cold energy is employed as the cold source. Thus, a combined cooling heating and power system is proposed. The effect of key parameters on thermodynamic performance is investigated. The results showed that increasing the turbine inlet temperature (TIT), ORC is more appropriate for WHR in SAGD process than KC, but KC provides better energy use and exergy efficiency, while the reverse situation occurs when the evaporation pressure is increased. The compression ratio has little effect on the cold exergy recovery efficiency of the refrigeration cycles. In addition, the total exergy destruction and the total WHR efficiency in the combined SAGD/KC are slightly higher than these in the combined SAGD/ORC. Moreover, for the TIT below 180 °C and the evaporation pressure above 6 MPa, the SAGD/KC can obtain more energy return on investment (EROI) than SAGD/ORC. The results obtained through economic analysis show that the use of the SAGD/ORC is more economical. Through the thermos-economic comparison of the two combined systems, it helps to choose different combined cycles according to the different actual operation, which can facilitate the future engineering applications.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the combined SAGD/ORC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the combined SAGD/KC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

(a)–(d) Effects of the TIT on the performance parameters in the combined cycles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

(a)–(d) Effects of the evaporator pressure on the performance parameters in the combined cycles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Effects of the compression ratio on the cold exergy efficiency in the combined cycles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Effects of the compression ratio and ammonia concentration on cold exergy recovery efficiency in the combined SAGD/KC refrigeration cycle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Exergy loss percent for the components of the combined cycles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Heat exchanging process at the evaporator of (a) combined SAGD/ORC and (b) combined SAGD/KC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Heat exchanging process at the condenser of (a) combined SAGD/ORC and (b) combined SAGD/KC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Exergy destruction and WHR rate of the combined cycle systems

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Effects of the TIT and evaporator pressure on the EROI in the combined cycles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

The proportion of each equipment investment cost: (a) the combined SAGD/ORC and (b) the combined SAGD/KC

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