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research-article

Impact of Binary Biofuel Blend on Lubricating Oil Degradation in a Compression Ignition Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
Paramvir Singh

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
param@umd.edu

Sant Ram Chauhan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, HP 177005, India
srchauhan@nith.ac.in

Varun Goel

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, HP 177005, India
varun@nith.ac.in

Dr. Ashwani K. Gupta

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
akgupta@umd.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041411 History: Received August 20, 2018; Revised August 24, 2018

Abstract

This paper presents lubricating oil performance in a compression ignition engine fueled with a binary fuel blend of 70% aamla seed oil biodiesel and 30% eucalyptus oil on volume basis. This blended fuel was stable and congruent with engine-fuel system. Initially, the engine was operated with normal diesel fuel as per standard endurance test. The same endurance test was performed with the above binary biodiesel blended fuel in the engine under somewhat modified engine operational condition. The lubricating oil was examined at a specified interval to evaluate the impact of the fuel on lubricating oil properties. Quantification of various metal debris concentration was carried out using inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. After experimentation, the lubricating oil samples were analyzed using analytical ferrography that showed lower wear debris concentrations from binary biodiesel blend than diesel fuel operated engine. The better lubricating property of binary biodiesel blended fuel resulted in lower wear and improved performance of engine parts. Relatively low wear and concentrations of all metal wear were found in the lubricating oil with binary biodiesel blended fuel engine revealed better performance of engine with this fuel blend. No technical problem was encountered during the long term endurance tests with the binary biodiesel blended fuel under modified engine parameters.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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