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Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Impact of Binary Biofuel Blend on Lubricating Oil Degradation in a Compression Ignition Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
Paramvir Singh

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742
e-mail: param@umd.edu

S. R. Chauhan

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Institute of Technology,
Hamirpur 177005, HP, India
e-mail: srchauhan@nith.ac.in

Varun Goel

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Institute of Technology,
Hamirpur 177005, HP, India
e-mail: varun@nith.ac.in

Ashwani K. Gupta

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742
e-mail: akgupta@umd.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 20, 2018; final manuscript received August 24, 2018; published online October 4, 2018. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(3), 032203 (Oct 04, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1640; doi: 10.1115/1.4041411 History: Received August 20, 2018; Revised August 24, 2018

This paper presents lubricating oil performance in a compression ignition (CI) engine fueled with a binary fuel blend of 70% aamla seed oil biodiesel and 30% eucalyptus oil (EU) on volume basis. This blended fuel was stable and congruent with engine-fuel system. Initially, the engine was operated with normal diesel fuel as per standard endurance test. The same endurance test was performed with the above binary biodiesel blended fuel in the engine under somewhat modified engine operational condition. The lubricating oil was examined at a specified interval to evaluate the impact of the fuel on lubricating oil properties. Quantification of various metal debris concentrations was carried out using inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. After experimentation, the lubricating oil samples were analyzed using analytical ferrography that showed lower wear debris concentrations from binary biodiesel blend than diesel fuel operated engine. The better lubricating property of binary biodiesel blended fuel resulted in lower wear and improved performance of engine parts. Relatively low wear and concentrations of all metal wear were found in the lubricating oil with binary biodiesel blended fuel engine revealed better performance of engine with this fuel blend. No technical problem was encountered during the long-term endurance tests with the binary biodiesel blended fuel under modified engine parameters.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

A schematic diagram of engine setup 1—Eddy current dynamometer, 2—flywheel, 3—VCR engine, 4—data acquisition device, 5—computer, 6—exhaust gas analyzer, 7—smoke meter, 8—calorimeter, 9—air box, 10—air pipe, 11—burette, 12—fuel pipe, 13—fuel tank, and 14—control valve

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Fig. 2

Temporal variation of kinematic viscosity at 40 °C for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 3

Temporal variation of kinematic viscosity at 100 °C for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 4

Temporal variation of density for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 5

Temporal variation of flash point for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 6

Temporal variation of moisture content for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 7

Temporal variation of ash content for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 8

Temporal variation of pentane insoluble for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 9

Temporal variation of benzene insoluble for binary biodiesel blended and normal diesel fuels

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Fig. 10

Ferrograms show wear debris in lubricating oil after endurance test for (left) AB70EU30 and (right) diesel convened engine

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