Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Binary Biodiesel Blend Endurance Characteristics in a Compression Ignition Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
Paramvir Singh

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742
e-mail: param@umd.edu

S. R. Chauhan

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Institute of Technology,
Hamirpur 177005, HP, India
e-mail: srchauhan@nith.ac.in

Varun Goel

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Institute of Technology,
Hamirpur 177005, HP, India
e-mail: varun@nith.ac.in

Ashwani K. Gupta

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742
e-mail: akgupta@umd.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 6, 2018; final manuscript received September 14, 2018; published online October 24, 2018. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(3), 032204 (Oct 24, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1694; doi: 10.1115/1.4041545 History: Received September 06, 2018; Revised September 14, 2018

The results obtained on wear assessment from a compression ignition (CI) engine fueled with a blend of 70% amla seed biodiesel (AB) and 30% eucalyptus oil (EU) on volume basis (called AB70EU30). The results showed stable engine operation and good operability of the engine-fuel system with the binary biodiesel fuel blend. The feasibility of this blend over a long-term endurance tests was explored. The specific assessment examination included the fate of cylinder head, pump plunger, injector nozzle, and piston crown, which affects the engine performance and engine life. The experimental results revealed better tribological performance characteristics with the binary fuel blend as compared to contemporary diesel fuel. No specific problem was encountered during the long-term endurance tests with the binary fuel blend using the modified engine parameters. The results show that the binary fuel mixture offers good potential for use as diesel fuel in CI engines while maintaining good performance and endurance.

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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

A schematic diagram of engine setup: 1—eddy current dynamometer, 2—flywheel, 3—VCR engine, 4—data acquisition device, 5—Computer, 6—exhaust gas analyzer, 7—smoke meter, 8—calorimeter, 9—air box, 10—air pipe, 11—burette, 12—fuel pipe, 13—fuel tank, and 14—control valve

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Percent weight loss in compression and oil rings for both the tested fuels

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Fig. 3

Photo of piston crown using (a) diesel and (b) AB70EU30

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Fig. 4

Photo of cylinder head using (a) diesel and (b) AB70EU30

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Fig. 5

Reduction in dimensions at various positions in FPP for both the fuels tested

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Fig. 6

Reduction in dimensions at various positions of the injector needle for both the tested fuels

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Fig. 7

Photographs of fuel injector: (a) diesel and (b) AB70EU30



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