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Research Papers: Alternative Energy Sources

Thermo-Ecological Cost of Electricity Generated in Wind Turbine Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Tomasz Simla

Institute of Thermal Technology,
Silesian University of Technology,
Konarskiego 22,
Gliwice 44-100, Poland
e-mail: tomasz.simla@polsl.pl

Wojciech Stanek

Institute of Thermal Technology,
Silesian University of Technology,
Konarskiego 22,
Gliwice 44-100, Poland
e-mail: wojciech.stanek@polsl.pl

Lucyna Czarnowska

Institute of Thermal Technology,
Silesian University of Technology,
Konarskiego 22,
Gliwice 44-100, Poland,
e-mail: lucyna.czarnowska@polsl.pl

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 5, 2018; final manuscript received September 24, 2018; published online October 24, 2018. Assoc. Editor: David Macphee.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(3), 031201 (Oct 24, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1103; doi: 10.1115/1.4041612 History: Received February 05, 2018; Revised September 24, 2018

Wind power is one of the most popular renewable energy sources (RES), characterized by rapid growth of installed power in the energy mix of many countries. Usually, the influence of wind technologies on the depletion of nonrenewable resources is evaluated taking into account the consumption of energy and materials in the construction phase. However, it should be noted that the major drawback of wind energy is its random availability which also influences the consumption of resources. This consumption results from the necessity of compensation for random operation of wind power plants by conventional ones operating in off-design point. In the present work, thermo-ecological cost (TEC) is proposed for the evaluation of the performance of wind generation systems operating with random accessibility of wind energy. The presented analysis focuses on the estimation of additional non-renewable energy consumption due to the part-load operation of the conventional power units. Different strategies are assumed for the compensation for the hourly wind power variations. The presented results of TEC analysis show that the part of TEC resulting from induced losses can be significant. The authors prove that, within the assessment of wind turbines, the induced losses cannot be omitted.

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Figures

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Fig. 3

Thermo-ecological cost of electricity generated by various wind power plants (based on Ref. [27])

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Fig. 4

Wind power distribution curve in 2015 (based on Ref. [19])

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Fig. 5

Net energy efficiency of a 260 MW power plant as a function of relative load

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Fig. 6

Power distribution curves of selected thermal units in November 2016 (based on Ref. [19])

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Fig. 2

Load factor of selected thermal power plants as a function of wind coverage

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Fig. 1

Polish electric energy mix in 2015 (based on Ref. [19])

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Fig. 7

Cumulative distribution of number of coal-fired power units required to counterbalance wind generation

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Fig. 8

Values of TECcomp in respect to TECLCA

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Fig. 9

Number of counterbalancing thermal power plants as a function of their minimal load factor

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Fig. 10

Value of TECcomp as a function of the minimal load factor of counterbalancing power plants

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Fig. 11

Number of start-up procedures of thermal power plants as a function of wind penetration

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Fig. 12

Value of TECcomp as a function of wind penetration (third scenario)

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