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Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Combustion Performance Study of Aqueous Aluminum Oxide Nanofluid Blends in Compression Ignition Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
S. P. Venkatesan

Associate Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology,
Chennai 600119, India
e-mail: spvenkatesan.mech@sathyabama.ac.in

P. N. Kadiresh

Professor
Department of Aerospace Engineering,
BSA Crescent Institute of Science and Technology,
Chennai 600048, India

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Internal Combustion Engine Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received December 2, 2017; final manuscript received November 20, 2018; published online December 24, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Stephen A. Ciatti.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(4), 042203 (Dec 24, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1674; doi: 10.1115/1.4042086 History: Received December 02, 2017; Revised November 20, 2018

This study attempts to identify the optimum dosing level of aqueous aluminum oxide nanofluid in diesel to improve combustion and engine performance and also to overcome the engine emission issues especially, the oxide of nitrogen, smoke, and the particulate matter. The aqueous aluminum oxide (aluminum oxide nanoparticle aqueous 5 wt % suspension) is used as a nanofluid. The dosing level of nanofluid is varied from 30 cc to 60 cc in steps of 10 cc for the performance study. Fuel blend properties such as calorific value, density, kinematic viscosity, and flash point are determined using ASTM standard test methods. Among all blends, the D+50AN showed a maximum improvement of about 5.9% in brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and remarkable reduction in NOx, smoke, HC, and CO as 15.6%, 22.34%, 31.82%, and 13.79%, respectively, at maximum rated power output.

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Figures

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Fig. 7

Heat release rate with crank angle for various blends of D+AN and diesel at maximum rated load

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Fig. 8

Brake-specific fuel consumption deviation rate of D+AN blends and diesel under varied load

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Fig. 6

Comparison of cylinder pressure for D+AN blends and diesel at full load

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Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup

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Fig. 4

Aqueous aluminum oxide nanofluid mixed fuel blends

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Fig. 3

Scanning electron microscope images of aluminum oxide nanoparticles

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Fig. 2

Energy dispersive spectroscopy spectrum of aluminum oxide nanoparticles

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Fig. 1

X-ray diffraction pattern of aluminum oxide nanoparticle

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Fig. 9

Effect of AN on brake thermal efficiency

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Fig. 10

NOx emission for diesel and D+AN blends for varying load conditions

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Fig. 11

Variation of smoke density with brake power

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Fig. 12

Variation of hydrocarbon emission with brake power

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Fig. 13

CO under normal diesel and D+AN blends operation versus brake power

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