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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

A Rainbow Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Intelligent Tire Monitoring Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Roja Esmaeeli

Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
Mechanical Engineering Department,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: re25@zips.uakron.edu

Haniph Aliniagerdroudbari

Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
Mechanical Engineering Department,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: ha93@zips.uakron.edu

Seyed Reza Hashemi

Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
Mechanical Engineering Department,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: sh184@zips.uakron.edu

Ashkan Nazari

Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
Mechanical Engineering Department,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: nazari@vt.edu

Muapper Alhadri

Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
Mechanical Engineering Department,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: mja70@zips.uakron.edu

Waleed Zakri

Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
Mechanical Engineering Department,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: wkz1@zips.uakron.edu

Abdul Haq Mohammed

Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
Mechanical Engineering Department,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: am313@zips.uakron.edu

Celal Batur

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: batur@uakron.edu

Siamak Farhad

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Advanced Energy & Sensor Lab,
ASEC 101,
The University of Akron,
Akron, OH 44325-3903
e-mail: Sfarhad@uakron.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 5, 2018; final manuscript received December 7, 2018; published online January 18, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Omid Askari.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(6), 062007 (Jan 18, 2019) (8 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1692; doi: 10.1115/1.4042398 History: Received September 05, 2018; Revised December 07, 2018

Intelligent tires can be used in autonomous vehicles to insure the vehicle safety by monitoring the tire and tire-road conditions using sensors embedded on the tire. These sensors and their wireless communication systems need to be powered by energy sources such as batteries or energy harvesters. The deflection of tires during rotation is an available and reliable source of energy for electric power generation using piezoelectric energy harvesters to feed tire self-powered sensors and their wireless communication systems. The aim of this study is to design, analyze, and optimize a rainbow-shaped piezoelectric energy harvester mounted on the inner layer of a pneumatic tire for providing enough power for microelectronics devices required for monitoring intelligent tires. It is shown that the designed piezoelectric energy harvester can generate sufficient voltage, power, and energy required for a tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) with high data transmission speed or three TPMSs with average data transmission speed. The effect of the vehicle speed on the voltage and electric energy generated by the designed piezoelectric is also studied. The geometry and the circuit load resistance of the piezoelectric energy harvester are optimized in order to increase the energy harvesting efficiency. It is shown that the optimized rainbow piezoelectric energy harvester can reach the highest power generation among all the strain-based energy harvesters that partially cover the inner layer of the tire.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

The concept of the wireless intelligent tire monitoring system

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Fig. 2

A rainbow-shaped PZT mounted on the inner layer of tire

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Fig. 3

Conventional rainbow energy harvester geometry used for validation

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Fig. 4

Comparison of the developed model with the results reported by Xiangjian et al. [41]

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Fig. 5

PZT model geometry and finite element mesh

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Fig. 6

Displacement of the rainbow piezoelectric energy harvester for one complete rotation of tire (360 deg)

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Fig. 7

The output voltage of the rainbow piezoelectric energy harvester for one complete rotation of tire

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Fig. 8

The output electric power of the rainbow piezoelectric energy harvester for one complete rotation of tire

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Fig. 9

The accumulated output electrical energy from the rainbow piezoelectric energy harvester for one complete rotation of tire

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Fig. 10

The effect of the piezoelectric width on the output electrical power generated in one rotation of tire

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Fig. 11

The effect of the piezoelectric width on the accumulated output electrical energy for one complete rotation of tire

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Fig. 12

The effect of the circuit load resistance on the output electrical power generated in one rotation of tire

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Fig. 13

The effect of the circuit load resistance on the accumulative output electrical energy for one complete rotation of tire

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