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Research Papers: Energy Storage/Systems

Study on Optimization of Pressure Ratio Distribution in Multistage Compressed Air Energy Storage System

[+] Author and Article Information
Shang Chen

School of Mechanical and Energy Engineering,
Tongji University,
Jiading District,
Shanghai, 201804, China
e-mail: chenshang926@163.com

Tong Zhu

School of Mechanical and Energy Engineering,
Tongji University,
Jiading District,
Shanghai, 201804, China
e-mail: zhu_tong@tongji.edu.cn

Huayu Zhang

School of Mechanical and Energy Engineering,
Tongji University,
Jiading District,
Shanghai, 201804, China
e-mail: zhanghuayu666@foxmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 23, 2018; final manuscript received November 29, 2018; published online January 18, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Hohyun Lee.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(6), 061901 (Jan 18, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1650; doi: 10.1115/1.4042400 History: Received August 23, 2018; Revised November 29, 2018

In this study, the round trip efficiency of a multistage adiabatic compressed air energy storage (A-CAES) system was optimized by differential evolution (DE) algorithm, and decision variables were the pressure ratio of each compressor/expander. The variation of the pressure ratio of each compressor/expander leads to different inlet air temperatures of the heat exchanger. Thus, this optimization method provides more heat energy recovery from compression to increase the inlet air temperature of expanders. Results indicate that the optimization method is effective for the pressure ratio allocation, improving the system efficiency by ∼1% and exergy efficiency of the heat storage process by 5.3% to the maximum compared with an equal pressure ratio distribution A-CAES system. Besides, a uniformity factor of temperature difference (UFTD) of multistage heat exchangers is proposed to analyze the temperature uniformity of the multistage heat exchangers, which indicates that decreasing the UFTD contributes to an increased uniformity of the temperature field and an improvement in heat transfer efficiency. The study is extended onto optimal off-design system configuration and the recommendations are proposed, which provides a guidance for A-CAES system design.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of A-CAES system

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Fig. 2

System efficiency of the optimal and equal pressure ratio distribution models with different stage numbers

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Fig. 3

Outlet air temperature of each compressor of equal pressure ratio and optimal A-CAES system in 3–5 stages

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Fig. 4

Outlet air temperature of each compressor of five-stage system

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Fig. 5

Inlet air temperature of each expander of three- to five-stage systems

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Fig. 6

Exergy efficiency of three- to five-stage systems with different heat exchanger efficiencies

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Fig. 7

Energy efficiency of the optimal and equal pressure ratio distribution model with different heat exchanger efficiencies: (a) system efficiency and (b) heat recovery efficiency

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Fig. 8

Energy parameters of charging versus heat exchanger efficiency

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Fig. 9

Energy parameters of discharging versus heat exchanger efficiency

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Fig. 10

Energy parameters of charging versus number of stages

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Fig. 11

Energy parameters of discharging versus number of stages

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Fig. 12

The model validation of A-CAES system

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