0
Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Experimental Comparison of Gasoline Compression Ignition and Diesel Combustion in a Medium-Duty Opposed-Piston Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
Reed Hanson

Achates Power,
San Diego, CA 92121
e-mail: hanson@achatespower.com

Ashwin Salvi

Achates Power,
San Diego, CA 92121
e-mail: salvi@achatespower.com

Fabien Redon

Achates Power,
San Diego, CA 92121
e-mail: redon@achatespower.com

Gerhard Regner

Achates Power,
San Diego, CA 92121
e-mail: regner@achatespower.com

Contributed by the Internal Combustion Engine Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received May 15, 2019; final manuscript received May 16, 2019; published online June 5, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(12), 122201 (Jun 05, 2019) (6 pages) Paper No: JERT-19-1293; doi: 10.1115/1.4043825 History: Received May 15, 2019; Accepted May 16, 2019

The Achates Power Inc. (API) opposed-piston (OP) engine architecture provides fundamental advantages that increase thermal efficiency over current poppet valve 4 stroke engines. In this paper, the combustion performance of diesel and gasoline compression ignition (GCI) combustion in a medium-duty, OP engine are shown. By using GCI, NOx and/or soot reductions can be seen compared with diesel combustion at similar or increased thermal efficiencies. The results also show that high combustion efficiency can be achieved with GCI combustion with acceptable noise and stability over the same load range as diesel combustion in an OP engine.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Pirault, J.-P., and Flint, M., 2009, Opposed Piston Engines: Evolution, Use, and Future Applications, SAE International, Warrendale, PA.
Barsanti, E., and Matteucci, F., 1858, “Motore a Pistoni Contrapposti,” Piedmont Patent No. 700.
Barsanti, E., and Matteucci, F., 1861, “Improved Apparatus for Obtaining Motive Power From Explosive Compounds,” Great Britain Patent No. 3270.
Junkers, H., 1917, “Cylinder of Internal-Combustion Engines and Other Similar Machines,” U.S. Patent No. 1,231,903.
Junkers, H., 1936, “Engine,” U.S. Patent No. 2,031,318.
Herold, R., Wahl, M., Regner, G., Lemke, J., and Foster D., 2011, “Thermodynamic Benefits of Opposed-Piston Two-Stroke Engines,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2011-01-2216.
Redon, F., Kalebjian, C., Kessler, J., Rakovec, N., Headley, J., Regner, G., and Koszewnik, J., 2014, “Meeting Stringent 2025 Emissions and Fuel Efficiency Regulations With an Opposed-Piston, Light-Duty Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2014-01-1187.
Hanson, R., Splitter, D., and Reitz, R., 2009, “Operating a Heavy-Duty Direct-Injection Compression-Ignition Engine with Gasoline for Low Emissions,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2009-01-1442.
Sellnau, M., Foster, M., Moore, W., Sinnamon, J., Hoyer, K., and Klemm, W., 2016, “Second Generation GDCI Multi-Cylinder Engine for High Fuel Efficiency and US Tier 3 Emissions,” SAE Int. J. Engines, 9(2), pp. 1002–1020. [CrossRef]
Kalghatgi, G., Risberg, P., and Ångström, H., 2007, “Partially Pre-Mixed Auto-Ignition of Gasoline to Attain Low Smoke and Low NOx at High Load in a Compression Ignition Engine and Comparison With a Diesel Fuel,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2007-01-0006.
Ra, Y., Loeper, P., Andrie, M., Krieger, R., Foster, D., Reitz, R., and Durrett, R., 2012, “Gasoline DICI Engine Operation in the LTC Regime Using Triple-Pulse Injection,” SAE Int. J. Engines, 5(3), pp. 1109–1132. [CrossRef]
Manente, V., Zander, C., Johansson, B., and Tunestal, P., 2010, “An Advanced Internal Combustion Engine Concept for Low Emissions and High Efficiency From Idle to Max Load Using Gasoline Partially Premixed Combustion,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2010-01-2198.
Benajes, J., Martin, J., Novella, R., and De Lima, D., 2014, “Analysis of the Load Effect on the Partially Premixed Combustion Concept in a 2-Stroke HSDI Diesel Engine Fueled With Conventional Gasoline,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2014-01-1291.
Dec, J., Yang, Y., Dernotte, J., and Ji, C., 2015, “Effects of Gasoline Reactivity and Ethanol Content on Boosted, Premixed and Partially Stratified Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC),” SAE Int. J. Engines, 8(3), pp. 935–955. [CrossRef]
Subramanian, S., and Ciatti, S. A., 2011, “Low Cetane Fuels in Compression Ignition Engines to Achieve LTC,” ASME Fall Technical Conference, Morgantown, WV, ASME Paper No. ICEF2011-60014.
Kavuri, C., and Kokjohn, S., 2018, “Computational Study to Identify Feasible Operating Space for a Mixed Mode Combustion Strategy—A Pathway for Premixed Compression Ignition High Load Operation,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 140(8), p. 082201. [CrossRef]
Salvi, A., Hanson, R., Zermeno, R., Regner, G., Sellnau, M., and Redon, F., 2018, “Initial Results on a New Light Duty 2.7L Opposed Piston Gasoline Compression Ignition Multi Cylinder Engine,” ASME Fall Technical Conference, San Diego, CA, ASME Paper No. ICEF 2018-9610.
Moiz, A., Kodavasal, J., Som, S., Hanson, R., Redon, F., and Zermeno, R., 2018, “Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of an Opposed-Piston Two-Stroke Gasoline Compression Ignition Engine,” ASME Fall Technical Conference, San Diego, CA, ASME Paper No. ICEF2018-9713.
Sellnau, M., Hoyer, K., Moore, W., Foster, M., Sinnamon, J., and Klemm, W., 2018, “Advancement of GDCI Engine Technology for US 2025 CAFE and Tier 3 Emissions,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2018-01-0901.
Kolodziej, C., Sellnau, M., Cho, K., and Cleary, D., 2016, “Operation of a Gasoline Direct Injection Compression Ignition Engine on Naphtha and E10 Gasoline Fuels,” SAE Int. J. Engines, 9(2), pp. 979–1001. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

GCI and diesel SCE test points

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

GCI cylinder pressure traces

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Diesel cylinder pressure traces

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Indicated thermal efficiency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Combustion efficiency

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In