This paper investigates the rise-rate of droplets that are slightly lighter than the surrounding fluid. We experimentally investigate the effect of three parameters: Stokes number, turbulence intensity and droplet Reynolds number. Droplets were injected into a chamber with nearly isotropic turbulence and little mean flow. The results show that at high turbulence intensity, the mean droplet rise-rate is 25% of the rms velocity regardless of the Stokes number, while at low turbulence intensity, the droplets rise at a rate equal to the rise-rate in a quiescent fluid. At intermediate turbulence intensity, the rise-rate is strongly dependent on the Stokes number.
Mean Rise-Rate of Droplets in Isotropic Turbulence
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Friedman, PD, & Katz, J. "Mean Rise-Rate of Droplets in Isotropic Turbulence." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference. Volume 1: Fora, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 14–18, 2002. pp. 473-478. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2002-31025
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