Disturbance growth in the wake of a circular cylinder moving at a constant acceleration is examined experimentally. The cylinder is installed on a carriage moving in the still air. The results show that the critical Reynolds number for the onset of the global instability leading to a self-sustained wake oscillation increases with the magnitude of acceleration, while the Strouhal number of the growing disturbance at the critical Reynolds number is not strongly dependent on the magnitude of acceleration. It is also found that with increasing the acceleration, the Ka´rma´n vortex street remains two-dimensional even at the Reynolds numbers around 200 where the three-dimensional instability occurs to lead to the vortex dislocation in the case of cylinder moving at constant velocity or in the case of cylinder wake in the steady oncoming flow.
Experimental Study on the Stability of the Flow Behind an Accelerating Circular Cylinder
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Inasawa, A, Toda, K, & Asai, M. "Experimental Study on the Stability of the Flow Behind an Accelerating Circular Cylinder." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2007 5th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B. San Diego, California, USA. July 30–August 2, 2007. pp. 1069-1076. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2007-37077
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