The adhesion of solid wax ink droplets to porous polyethylene and Teflon substrates was studied experimentally. Wax droplets with a diameter of 3 mm and an initial temperature of 110°C were dropped onto test surfaces from heights varying from 20–50 mm. The Teflon surfaces had holes drilled in them to create idealized porous surfaces while the porous polyethylene sheets had mean pore sizes of either 35 or 70 μm. The force required to remove the wax splats from the substrates was measured by a pull test. The detachment force increased with droplet impact velocity. A simple analytical model is proposed to predict the force attaching the wax splat to the surface: it has an adhesive component, calculated by multiplying the contact area between the splat and substrate by the strength of adhesion; and a cohesive component, calculated by multiplying the area of the pores into which wax penetrates by the ultimate tensile strength of wax. Predictions from the model agreed reasonably well with measurements.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Adhesion of Wax Droplets to Porous Substrates
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Dadvar, S, Chandra, S, Ashgriz, N, & Drappel, S. "Adhesion of Wax Droplets to Porous Substrates." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 1127-1132. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2012-72060
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