The Immersed-Boundary Method is coupled to an incompressible-flow RANS solver, based on a two-equation turbulence model, to perform unsteady numerical simulations of airflow past the NACA-0012 airfoil for several angles of attack and Reynolds numbers of 5.0×105 and 1.8×106. Qualitative characterizations of the flow in the vicinity of the airfoil are obtained to show the need for locally refined grids to capture the thin boundary layers close to the airfoil leading edges. Quantitative analysis of aerodynamic force coefficients and wall pressure distributions are also reported and compared to experimental results and those from body-fitted grid simulations using the same solver to assess the accuracy and limitations of this approach. The Immersed-Boundary simulations compared well to the experimental and body-fitted results up to the occurrence of separation. After that point, neither computational approach provided satisfactory solutions.
- Fluids Engineering Division
High Reynolds Number Airfoil Simulations Using the Immersed Boundary Method
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Johnson, JP, Iaccarino, G, Chen, K, & Khalighi, B. "High Reynolds Number Airfoil Simulations Using the Immersed Boundary Method." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 1359-1368. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2012-72092
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