Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has become a staple in wind energy research and studies cover a broad range of topics including atmospheric wind profiles, airfoil design, wind turbine design, terrain effects, and wake dynamics. One of the most important aspects of applying CFD methods is the selection of a turbulence closure model when solving the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations. In this research, the Reynolds Stress Model (RSM) was applied to predict the wake turbulence and velocity profiles for a small scale, 3-bladed, horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT) using a commercial CFD software, Star CCM+. The wind turbine was modeled directly by discretizing the rotor and also using an actuator disc concept to simulate the rotor. Wind tunnel experiments were performed using hot-wire anemometry to measure the velocity deficit at various downstream locations. High speed images were also captured to examine qualitatively the wake and tip vortex dissipation created from an oil mist. The CFD results show the RSM turbulence closure model to be excellent in predicting the wake velocity and tip vortex structure when compared to experimental results.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Application of the Reynolds Stress Model to Direct Modeling and Actuator Disk Simulations of a Small-Scale Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine
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Jackson, R, & Amano, RS. "Application of the Reynolds Stress Model to Direct Modeling and Actuator Disk Simulations of a Small-Scale Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1B, Symposia: Fluid Mechanics (Fundamental Issues and Perspectives; Industrial and Environmental Applications); Multiphase Flow and Systems (Multiscale Methods; Noninvasive Measurements; Numerical Methods; Heat Transfer; Performance); Transport Phenomena (Clean Energy; Mixing; Manufacturing and Materials Processing); Turbulent Flows — Issues and Perspectives; Algorithms and Applications for High Performance CFD Computation; Fluid Power; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Marine Hydrodynamics. Washington, DC, USA. July 10–14, 2016. V01BT29A002. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2016-7595
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