There has been a growing public health issue concerning the regulation of indoor air quality (IAQ) and the human exposure to particulate matter (PM). Today, this exposure is a major worldwide concern because ambient PM concentrations in many cities exceeded the limits set by the European air quality directive. Underground airborne particles are mainly generated by the mechanical abrasion of rail tracks, wheels and brake pads produced by urban railways transportation. For that reason, understanding the transport mechanism of particles with various size distribution is essential and crucial for understanding and accurately predicting the behavior of the main high particle concentration areas. In this framework, a simple case of particles emission inside a viscous flow in a channel has been investigated both experimentally and numerically. The suspended particles used experimentally are molybdenum solid particles with a broad size distribution (in diameter) from 1 to 80 μm (size similar to cases such as in braking systems). The experimental tests are conducted for a flow in a channel at a horizontal steady inflow velocity of uf = 0.15m/s. The solid particles are injected transversely to the horizontal bottom wall with an injection steady velocity of ui = 0.95m/s. Measurements and analysis are carried out using shadowscopy technique to determine the particles concentration fields. Finally, experimental results are compared to numerical ones predicted by a continuum computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach using the SBM (Suspension Balance Model) implemented in “OPENFOAM” (via the Finite Volume Method).
- Fluids Engineering Division
Particles Transport in Railway Braking Systems: An Experimental and Numerical Investigation
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Octau, C, Lippert, M, Graziani, A, Watremez, M, Keirsbulck, L, Dubar, L, & Dbouk, T. "Particles Transport in Railway Braking Systems: An Experimental and Numerical Investigation." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1C, Symposia: Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flows; Gas and Liquid-Solid Two-Phase Flows; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Turbulent Flows: Issues and Perspectives; Flow Applications in Aerospace; Fluid Power; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 30–August 3, 2017. V01CT15A001. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2017-69126
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