An experimental investigation is conducted to study the leading edge vortex (LEV) evolution of a simultaneously heaving and pitching foil operating in the energy harvesting regime. Two dimensional particle image velocimetry measurements are collected in a wind tunnel at reduced frequencies of k = fc/U = 0.05–0.20. Vorticity flux analysis is performed to calculate the constant C in the vortex formation number equation proposed by J. O. Dabiri , and it is shown that for a flapping foil operating in the energy harvesting regime, this constant is approximately equal to 1.33. We demonstrate that the optimal LEV formation number (T̂max ≈ 4) is achieved at k = 0.11, which is well within the range of optimal reduced frequency for energy harvesting applications (k = 0.1–0.15). This suggests that the flow energy extraction is closely related to the efficient evolution process of the LEV.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Optimal Leading Edge Vortex Formation of a Flapping Foil in Energy Harvesting Regime
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Siala, FF, Totpal, AD, & Liburdy, JA. "Optimal Leading Edge Vortex Formation of a Flapping Foil in Energy Harvesting Regime." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1C, Symposia: Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flows; Gas and Liquid-Solid Two-Phase Flows; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Turbulent Flows: Issues and Perspectives; Flow Applications in Aerospace; Fluid Power; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 30–August 3, 2017. V01CT23A008. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2017-69343
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