Discrete bubbles can be effectively cracked and dispersed in a Venturi channel with its unique structural characteristics, and the general Venturi channel has been widely used in the practical engineering. Bubble breakup mechanisms based on Venturi channels have been extensively studied, but most of them are based on single bubble or bubble flow pattern. In this paper, the transport process of slug flow in a Venturi channel was explored through visualization experiments, and the characteristics of recirculation flow were indicated by numerical simulation method. The liquid velocity sensitively affects the bubble generation process. With the increase of the liquid velocity, the initial bubble is no longer detached from the gas injector hole, and the gas-liquid flow pattern changes from bubbly flow to slug flow. The slug bubble extends to the diverging section and experiences the process of interface instability, sub-bubble detachment and bubble collapse. The average Sauter bubble diameter decreases with the increase of liquid velocity, and the fitting function is Log Normal. There is a recirculation flow in the side wall region of the diverging section, and the area of the recirculation flow increases with the increase of the liquid velocity at the inlet. The numerical simulation results indicated that there is a large velocity gradient in the boundary region of the recirculation flow under slug flow pattern, which contribute to the bubble collapse.