Abstract

One of the most common ways to obtain mixing between liquid and air, is by injecting the liquid jet into an incoming gaseous crossflow. The physics of this mixing flow is very complicated due to the presence of many flow interfacial instabilities. Usually, a perpendicular liquid jet into the cross flow airstream is used as the standard method of mixing. In the present work, the effect of the injection angle of the liquid flow emanated from a circular nozzle into airstream was experimentally investigated. The flow characteristics of the liquid jet were visualized by diffused backlight shadowgraph technique and high-speed photography. Water was used as the working liquid and tests were conducted into an incoming airstream at room temperature and pressure. A circular nozzle with 1.5 mm in diameter was used. The injection angles of the 30, 45, 60 and 90 degrees of the liquid jet into the airstream were considered. Different parameters of liquid jet flow such as breakup length and trajectory were measured. It was found that at low angles the path was independent from the momentum ratio.

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