Detailed heat transfer coefficient (HTC) and film cooling effectiveness (Eta) distribution on a squealer tipped first stage rotor blade were measured using an infrared (IR) technique. The blade tip design, obtained from a Solar Turbines Inc. gas turbine, consisted of double purge hole exits and four ribs within the squealer cavity, with a bleeder exit port on the pressure side close to the trailing edge. The tests were carried out in a transient linear transonic wind tunnel facility under land-based engine representative Mach/Reynolds number. Measurements were taken at an inlet turbulent intensity of Tu = 12%, with exit Mach numbers of 0.85 (Reexit=9.75×105) and 1.0 (Reexit = 1.15×106) with the Reynolds number based on the blade axial chord and the cascade exit velocity. The tip clearance was fixed at 1% (based on engine blade span) with a purge flow blowing ratio BR = 1.0. At each test condition, an accompanying numerical study was performed using Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations solver ANSYS Fluent to further understand the tip flow characteristics. The results showed that the tip purge flow has a blocking effect on the leakage flow path. Furthermore, the ribs significantly altered the flow (and consequently heat transfer) characteristics within the squealer tip cavity resulting in a significant reduction in film cooling effectiveness. This was attributed to increased coolant-leakage flow mixing due to increased recirculation within the squealer cavity. Overall, the peak heat transfer coefficient on the cavity floor increased with exit Mach/Reynolds number.
An Experimental and Numerical Study on the Aerothermal Characteristics of a Ribbed Transonic Squealer-Tip Turbine Blade With Purge Flow
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Arisi, A, Phillips, J, Ng, WF, Xue, S, Moon, HK, & Zhang, L. "An Experimental and Numerical Study on the Aerothermal Characteristics of a Ribbed Transonic Squealer-Tip Turbine Blade With Purge Flow." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 5B: Heat Transfer. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. June 15–19, 2015. V05BT13A014. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2015-43073
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