In this paper, the supercritical carbon dioxide power cycle used to recover the waste heat of gas turbine is investigated by means of conventional exergy analysis and advanced exergy analysis. Firstly, the thermodynamic parameters of carbon dioxide cycle in design stage are determined by single-objective optimization with net power output as objective function. Then, conventional exergy analysis is carried out on the partial heating cycle under real, unavoidable and ideal conditions. After that, advanced exergy analysis, in which the exergy destruction is divided into endogenous / exogenous part and avoidable / unavoidable part is adopted to reveal the improvement potential of the system and illustrate the interaction among the components. According to the calculation results, a total amount of 3.55MW (47.33%) exergy destruction could be reduced by the improvement of component efficiency. Endogenous exergy destruction is higher than exogenous exergy destruction in all components. Based on the results of conventional exergy analysis, the high-temperature heater should be paid attention in order to reduce exergy destruction. However, according to the results of advanced exergy analysis, the technical improvement of turbine should be emphasized due to its high endogenous-avoidable exergy destruction. Meanwhile, for the components with high unavoidable exergy destruction, external systems should be employed to exploit the underutilized energy and enhance the system performance.

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