For predicting the tip clearance loss of turbomachines, different equations are published in the literatures based on differnt principles. In 1986 the present author posturated a new theory where the pressure loss consisted of two parts, one was the pressure loss induced by the drag force of the leaked flow and the other was the pressure loss to support the axial pressure difference without blades in the tip clearance zone. There were comments such as the two losses were the same loss looked from two different view points, or at least a part of the former was included in the latter or vice versa.

In this paper the pressure loss due to the tip clearance is examined based on a macroscopic balance of forces and the two kinds of loss are derived. Furthermore, it is made clear that the former comes from the induced drag which is parallel to the blade while the latter comes from the missing blade force normal to the blade in the clearance zone. Because these two forces are mutually perpendicular, the two losses are entirely different in nature and they do not even partially overlap to each other. It is also made clear quantitatively, how the loss of the kinetic energy of leaked flow is related to the induced drag of the clearance flow.

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