The ingestion of hot gas at the rim seal of a turbine has been investigated for a complete stage with nozzle guide vanes and rotor blades for two types of geometry: 1. the simple axial gap between a flat rotor disk and a flat stator disk, commonly used for industrial gas turbines and 2. an axial lip of the rim seal on the stator combined with a flat rotor disk, often found in aero engine applications. The clearance of the axial gap has been varied for the second type. The efficiency of the rim seal has been examined for different seal flow rates, rotational Reynolds numbers and Mach numbers in the main flow.
For the determination of the sealing effectiveness carbon dioxide gas concentration measurements have been carried out in the wheelspace. The distribution of the static pressure in the vicinity of the seal and inside the wheelspace has been measured by means of pressure taps at the stator disk.
It is shown that the external flow Mach number in the main flow has a significant effect on the sealing efficiency. As Mach number increases sealing efficiency goes down. The rotational Reynolds number has a distinct effect on the rim seal efficiency depending on the examined configuration. Even for high seal flow rates the ingestion of hot gas can not be fully avoided.
The experimental results were the motivation for a three-dimensional CFD approach neglecting the influence of the rotor blades. The results give further insight into aerodynamic features of the ingestion phenomenon.