A fixed bed reactor that operates in gas-liquid co-current down flow is called Trickle Bed Reactor (TBR). It is widely used in chemical engineering. And, recently used in purification of radioactive contamination from contaminated water generated in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. There are several flow conditions that occur in the TBR due to gas and liquid flow rate. Since mass and heat transfer rate and particles wetting depend on flow condition, it is necessary to establish the visualization techniques to understand flow condition, transition boundary and properties of gas liquid flow in TBR. In this study, authors employed the lab-scale TBR, made of 100mm inner diameter acrylic column, packed with particles of two sizes (3, 5 mm) that are used in the actual reactor. Water and air were injected from the top of the column and cross-sectional liquid distribution was captured at the bottom of the column by electrical resistance tomography (ERT). ERT is a tomographic technique that provides the cross-sectional conductivity distribution at the rate of about 50 frames per second by injecting current and measuring voltages between the 16 electrodes that are attached around the column. By analyzing the spatial and temporal characteristics of the liquid distribution obtained by ERT, it was found that particle size has only little impact on induction of pulsating flow and larger particle causes distinct pulses. Smaller particle causes blurred tiny pulses due to higher flow resistance. Larger particle (5 mm) is advantageous for pulsating flow.

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