Electrically assisted incremental sheet forming (EAIF) is a novel addition to the incremental forming (IF) method. One variation of this approach applies direct electrical current during forming. Many improvements over tradition IF can be seen by utilizing this method, to include greater part accuracy, reduced forming force, and greater formability.
In order to maximize the effects of electrically assisted incremental forming, all parameters of the method must be investigated, including the polarity of the current passing through the part and the path that the applied current takes. The effects of altering these two parameters is the primary investigation in this research.
It was determined that, in order to optimize springback reduction and formability during electrically assisted single point incremental forming, the tool should be assigned the positive electrode and the center of the workpiece should be assigned the negative electrode. Additionally, the mechanism behind the spalling effect inherent to EAIF is discussed.