A Simple Model of Seasonal Sea Ice Growth

[+] Author and Article Information
J. D. Miller

Petro Canada Exploration Inc., Calgary, Alberta, Canada

J. Energy Resour. Technol 103(3), 212-218 (Sep 01, 1981) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3230841 History: Received July 12, 1980; Revised June 01, 1981; Online October 22, 2009


An energy conservation approach is applied to the problem of sea ice growth. A simulation model which establishes an explicit relationship between the surface temperature and each component of the energy balance is presented. Included are the effects of a snowpack and variable thermal properties for snow and ice. The sea ice growth is treated as a response of the thermodynamic interaction of the atmosphere, snow, ice and ocean. Daily estimates of the radiative, turbulent, conductive and melt-induced energy fluxes, the surface and snow-ice-interface temperatures, the average ice salinity and the ice thickness are provided by the model. A comparison of sea ice growth observations at three Arctic locations with model predictions indicates a good reproduction of real world conditions by the computer simulation.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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