RESEARCH PAPERS: Emerging Energy Technology

A Model for Jet Piercing of Oil Sands

[+] Author and Article Information
E. M. Gates, R. W. Toogood

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

J. Energy Resour. Technol 107(4), 516-522 (Dec 01, 1985) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3231228 History: Received March 29, 1984; Revised July 26, 1985; Online October 22, 2009


The impact of a stationary confined high pressure water jet on a solid surface has been investigated. Flow visualization by high-speed photography and measurements of average surface pressures show the action of the jet is to exert a series of discrete impulses rather than a steady force. It appeared more appropriate then to analyze the pressure data statistically to obtain the probability of occurrence of pressures above a critical value required for failure of the material. These probability values were then incorporated into a cutting model to predict jet piercing rates and expected maximum depths of penetration. Comparison of these model predictions with some limited field data was then carried out.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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