Performance and Emissions of a Diesel Engine Using a Coal-Derived Fuel

[+] Author and Article Information
T. A. Litzinger, T. G. Buzza

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

J. Energy Resour. Technol 112(1), 30-35 (Mar 01, 1990) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2905709 History: Received July 26, 1989; Revised December 02, 1989; Online April 16, 2008


A coal-derived synthetic fuel was blended with a control diesel fuel and then tested in a single-cylinder, direct-injected, diesel engine. Comparisons of the blended fuel to the control Diesel fuel were made on the basis of performance, combustion characteristics, gas-phase emissions, including aldehydes, and particulate emissions. In addition, the mutagenic activity of the soluble organic compounds from the particulates were analyzed using the Ames test. The objective of these experiments was to determine how well the fuel blend would perform as a direct replacement for diesel fuel. Use of the blended fuel decreased performance and increased gas phase emissions, but particulate emissions were unchanged. However, a significant increase in the mutagenic effect of the soluble organic compounds was observed with the blended fuel.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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