Experimental Study of Self-Ignition and Smoldering of Moist Cellulosic Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
O. Badr

College of Engineering, UAE University, Alain, United Arab Emirates

G. A. Karim

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

J. Energy Resour. Technol 114(2), 146-151 (Jun 01, 1992) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2905934 History: Received March 29, 1991; Revised January 30, 1992; Online April 16, 2008


The self-ignition and smoldering characteristics of cellulosic materials, as exemplified by cotton fibers, when subjected to convective low-velocity heated air stream were studied experimentally at atmospheric pressure. The effects of the content of moisture in the raw cotton on its ignition delay and smolder front propagation rates were established. Some comparative tests were also conducted on dry cotton samples containing instead of moisture, various concentrations of n-hexane or an alcohol mixture.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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