Pre-Combustion Removal of Carbon Dioxide From Natural Gas Power Plants and the Transition to Hydrogen Energy Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Mori, S. M. Masutani, G. C. Nihous, L. A. Vega

Pacific International Center for High Technology Research, Honolulu, HI 96813

C. M. Kinoshita

Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822

J. Energy Resour. Technol 114(3), 221-226 (Sep 01, 1992) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2905945 History: Received July 08, 1991; Revised March 11, 1992; Online April 16, 2008


A system to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from combustion power plants is described. Unlike earlier proposals based on flue gas treatment, the problem is addressed prior to combustion by reforming the hydrocarbon fuel into H2 and CO2 . Following separation, H2 is burned in place of the original fuel and the captured CO2 is liquefied and injected into the deep ocean at a depth sufficient to ensure effective containment, and to minimize damage to the marine environment. Calculations indicate moderate plant thermal efficiency and power cost penalties. In addition, the H2 production potential of this system may be exploited as a means to facilitate the transition from fossil fuels to future hydrogen energy systems.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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