One-Dimensional Simulations of Jet Fuel Thermal-Oxidative Degradation and Deposit Formation Within Cylindrical Passages

[+] Author and Article Information
J. S. Ervin, S. Zabarnick, T. F. Williams

University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, OH 45469-0210

J. Energy Resour. Technol 122(4), 229-238 (Sep 19, 2000) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1326915 History: Received January 05, 2000; Revised September 19, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Hazlett, R. N., 1991, Thermal Oxidative Stability of Aviation Turbine Fuels, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
Krazinski,  J. L., Vanka,  S. P., Pearce,  J. A., and Roquemore,  W. M., 1992, “Computational Fluid Dynamics and Chemistry Model for Jet Fuel Thermal Stability,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 114, pp. 104–110.
Katta,  V. R., and Roquemore,  W. M., 1993, “Numerical Method for Simulating Fluid Dynamic & Heat Transfer Changes in Jet Engine Injector Feed Arm Due to Fouling,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 7, pp. 651–660.
Ervin,  J. S., and Zabarnick,  S., 1998, “Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Jet Fuel Oxidation Incorporating Pseudo-Detailed Chemical Kinetics,” Energy Fuels, 12, pp. 344–352.
Zabarnick,  S., and Grinstead,  R., 1994, “Studies of Jet Fuel Additives Using the Quartz Crystal Microbalance & Pressure Monitoring at 140C,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 33, pp. 2771–2777.
Chin, J., Rizk, N., and Razdan, M., 1995, “Engineering Model for Prediction of Deposit Rates in Heate Fuels,” 31st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, San Diego, CA.
Despande, G. V., Michael, A. S., Solomon, P. R., and Malhotra, R., 1989, “Modeling of the Thermal Stability of Aviation Fuels,” 198th ACS National Meeting, Symposium on the Chemical Aspects of Hypersonic Propulsion, Miami FL.
Arpaci, V. S., 1966, Conduction Heat Transfer, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
Katta, V. R., Jones, E. G., and Roquemore, W. M., 1993, “Development of Global Chemistry Model for Jet-Fuel Thermal Stability Based on Observations from Static and Flowing Experiments,” 81st AGARD Symposium on Fuels and Combustion Technology for Advanced Aircraft Engines, AGARD-CP-536, Paper No. PEP-19, Collifero, Italy.
Chamra,  L. M., and Webb,  R. L., 1993, “Effect of Particle Size and Size Distribution on Particulate Fouling in Enhanced Tubes,” J. Enhanced Heat Transfer, 1, pp. 65–75.
Coordinating Research Council, 1983, Handbook of Aviation Fuel Properties, Atlanta, GA.
Ervin,  J. S., Williams,  T. F., and Katta,  V. R., 1996, “Global Kinetic Modeling of Aviation Fuel Fouling in Cooled Regions in a Flowing System,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35, pp. 4028–4036.
Jones,  E. G., Balster,  W. J., and Post,  M. E., 1995, “Degradation of A Jet Fuel In A Single-Pass Heat Exchanger,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 117, pp. 125–131.
Zabarnick,  S., 1998, “Pseudo-Detailed Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Antioxidant Chemistry for Jet Fuel Applications,” Energy Fuels, 12, pp. 547–553.
Ervin,  J. S., and Heneghan,  S. P., 1998, “The Meaning of Activation Energy and Reaction Order in Autoaccelerating Systems,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120, pp. 468–476.
Epstein, N., 1986, Heat Exchanger Sourcebook, J. W. Pale, ed., Hemisphere, Washington DC.
Miller, R. W., 1983, Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
Nixon, A. C., Ackerman, G. H., Faith, L. E., Henderson, H. T., Ritchie, A. W., Ryland, L. B., and Shryne, T. M., 1967, “Vaporizing and Endothermic Fuels for Advanced Engine Application: Part III, Studies of Thermal and Catalytic Reactions, Thermal Stabilities, and Combustion Properties of Hydrocarbon Fuels,” AFAPL-TR-67-114, 3, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.
Scott, G., 1963, “Antioxidants,” Chem. Ind., pp. 271–281.
Zabarnick,  S., 1993, “Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Jet Fuel Autoxidation and Antioxidant Chemistry,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 32, pp. 1012–1017.
Kakac, S., Shah, R. K., and Aung, W., 1987, Handbook of Single-Phase Convective Heat Transfer, Wiley, New York, NY.
Katta,  V. R., Blust,  J., Williams,  T. F., and Martel,  C. R., 1995, “Role of Buoyancy in Fuel-Thermal-Stability Studies,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 9, pp. 159–168.
Oliver,  D. R., 1962, “The Effect of Natural Convection on Viscous-Flow Heat Transfer in Horizontal Tubes,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 17, pp. 335–350.
Sieder,  E. N., and Tate,  C. E., 1936, “Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop of Liquids in Tubes,” Ind. Eng. Chem., 28, pp. 1429–1435.
Gnielinski,  V., 1976, “New Equations for Heat and Mass Transfer in Turbulent Pipe Channel Flow,” Int. Chem. Eng., 16, pp. 359–368.
L. P. Chin, V. R. Katta, and S. P. Heneghan, 1994, “Computer Modeling of Deposits Formed in Jet Fuels,” 207th ACS National Meeting, Symposium on Autooxidation of Distillate Fuels, San Diego, CA.


Grahic Jump Location
Cross section of heated tube containing forming surface deposits
Grahic Jump Location
Dissolved O2 and fuel temperature measured at locations A and B
Grahic Jump Location
Measured and predicted fuel temperatures at tube exit; 300°C block temperature
Grahic Jump Location
Measured and predicted dissolved O2 fractions for different tube wall temperatures. The curve is the current model prediction, and the symbols represent measurements obtained from NIFTR experiments 13 at a flow rate of 0.125 mL/min.
Grahic Jump Location
Measured and predicted dissolved O2 fractions for current experiments. The curve is the prediction of the current model, and the symbols represent measurements obtained from the current experiments at a flow rate of 16 mL/min using fuel F2827.
Grahic Jump Location
Predicted and measured 13 dissolved O2 removal for NIFTR experiments at a flow rate of 0.125 mL/min and fuel F2827. The curves are predicted values, and the symbols represent measurements.
Grahic Jump Location
Measured and predicted deposition rates along heated tube for fuel F2827 and copper block temperatures of 335°C (8 mL/min), 300°C (16 mL/min), and 270°C (16 mL/min). Predicted deposition rates are represented by the solid curves. In addition, the predicted fraction of dissolved O2 remaining for conditions of a 335°C block temperature and flow rate of 8 mL/min is indicated by a dashed curve.
Grahic Jump Location
Measured 1326 and predicted surface deposition rates for NIFTR experiments
Grahic Jump Location
Deposition rate along heated tube for fuel F3119, 270°C block temperature, and 16 mL/min flow rate



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In