Technical Briefs

Analysis of Multimode Burning Characteristics of Isolated Droplets of Biodiesel–Diesel Blends

[+] Author and Article Information
Pratheesh Prakash

Research Scholar

Vasudevan Raghavan

Associate Professor
e-mail: raghavan@iitm.ac.in

Pramod S. Mehta

Indian Institute of Technology Madras,
Chennai 600036, India

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Internal Combustion Engine Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received August 31, 2012; final manuscript received November 9, 2012; published online February 12, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Kevin M. Lyons.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 135(2), 024501 (Feb 12, 2013) (6 pages) Paper No: JERT-12-1198; doi: 10.1115/1.4023174 History: Received August 31, 2012; Revised November 09, 2012

Blended fuels such as biodiesel–diesel blends are being extensively used in practical devises such as engines. The burning characteristics of blended fuels are quite different than that of the individual fuels and need to be understood. In this study, a semiempirical analysis concerning the mass burning rate characteristics of biodiesel–diesel blends is presented based on the data measured using porous sphere experiments. Finally, a correlation for evaluating instantaneous burning rate of biodiesel–diesel blended fuels has been proposed for practical applications. Further, using this correlation, transient burning characteristics of blended biodiesel–diesel droplet in suspended mode have been studied for different blend compositions. Multiple modes of burning regimes are identified for the blended fuels.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Masjuki, H., and Salit, S., 1993, “Biofuel as Diesel Fuel Alternative: An Overview,” J. Energy Heat Mass Transfer, 15, pp. 293–304.
Srivastava, A., and Prasad, R., 2000, “Triglycerides-Based Diesel Fuels,” Renew. Sustain. Energ. Rev., 4, pp. 111–133. [CrossRef]
Korbitz, W., 1999, “Biodiesel Production in Europe and North America, an Encouraging Prospect,” Renewable Energy, 16, pp. 1078–1083. [CrossRef]
Graboski, M. S., and McCormick, R. L., 1998, “Combustion of Fat and Vegetable Oil Derived Fuels in Diesel Engines,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 24, pp. 125–164. [CrossRef]
Monyem, A., and Gerpen, J. H. V., 2001, “The Effect of Biodiesel Oxidation on Engine Performance and Emissions,” Biomass Bioenergy, 20(4), pp. 317–325. [CrossRef]
Dorado, M. P., Ballesteros, E., Arnal, J. M., Gómez, J., and López, F. J., 2003, “Exhaust Emissions From a Diesel Engine Fueled With Transesterified Waste Olive Oil,” Fuel, 82(11), pp. 1311–1315. [CrossRef]
Raheman, H., and Phadatare, A. G., 2004, “Diesel Engine Emissions and Performance From Blends of Karanja Methyl Ester and Diesel,” Biomass Bioenergy, 27, pp. 393–397. [CrossRef]
Singh, B., Kaur, J., and Singh, K., 2010, “Production of Biodiesel From Used Mustard Oil and Its Performance Analysis in Internal Combustion Engine,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 132(3), p. 031001. [CrossRef]
Yoon, S. H., Park, S. H., Suh, H. K., and Lee, C. S., 2010, “Effect of Biodiesel-Ethanol Blended Fuel Spray Characteristics on the Reduction of Exhaust Emissions in a Common-Rail Diesel Engine,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 132(4), p. 042201. [CrossRef]
Chokri, B., Ridha, E., Rachid, S., and Jamel, B., 2012, “Experimental Study of a Diesel Engine Performance Running on Waste Vegetable Oil Biodiesel Blend,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 134(3), p. 032202. [CrossRef]
Parag, S., and Raghavan, V., 2009, “Experimental Investigation of Burning Rates of Pure Ethanol and Ethanol Blended Fuels,” Combust. Flame, 156, pp. 997–1005. [CrossRef]
Godsave, G. A. E., 1953, “Studies of the Combustion of Drops in a Fuel Spray—The Burning of Single Drops of Fuel,” Sym. (Int.) Combust., 4, pp. 818–830. [CrossRef]
Fieberg, C., Reichelt, L., Martin, D., Renz, U., and Kneer, R., 2009, “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Droplet Evaporation Under Diesel Engine Conditions,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 52(15–16), pp. 3738–3746. [CrossRef]
Morin, C., Chauveau, C., and Gökalp, I., 2000, “Droplet Vaporisation Characteristics of Vegetable Oil Derived Biofuels at High Temperatures,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 21(1–3), pp. 41–50. [CrossRef]
Araya, K., and Tsunematsu, S., 1987, “Single Droplet Combustion of Sunflower Oil,” SAE, Paper No. 870590. [CrossRef]
Yoshimoto, Y., and Koido, M., 2003, “Performance and Emissions of Diesel Fuels Containing Rapeseed Oil and the Characteristics of Evaporation and Combustion of Single Droplets,” SAE, Paper No. 2003-01-3201. [CrossRef]
Wardana, I. N. G., 2010, “Combustion Characteristics of Jatropha Oil Droplet at Various Oil Temperatures,” Fuel, 89(3), pp. 659–664. [CrossRef]
Raghavan, V., Rajesh, S., Shintre, P., and Avinash, V., 2009, “Investigation of Combustion Characteristics of Biodiesel and Its Blends,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 181(6), pp. 877–891. [CrossRef]
Som, S., Longman, D. E., Luo, Z., Plomer, M., Lu, T., Senecal, P. K., and Pomraning, E., 2012, “Simulating Flame Lift-Off Characteristics of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels Using Detailed Chemical-Kinetic Mechanisms and Large Eddy Simulation Turbulence Model,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 134(3), p. 032204. [CrossRef]
Moghaddas, A., Bennett, C., Eisazadeh-Far, K., and Metghalchi, H., 2012, “Measurement of Laminar Burning Speeds and Determination of Onset of Auto-Ignition of Jet-A/Air and Jet Propellant-8/Air Mixtures in a Constant Volume Spherical Chamber,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 134(2), p. 022205. [CrossRef]
Annamalai, K., and Puri, I. K., 2003, Combustion Science and Engineering, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Turns, S. R., 2000, An Introduction to Combustion, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Tiwari, A. K., Kumar, A., and Raheman, H., 2007, “Biodiesel Production From Jatropha Oil (Jatropha Curcas) With High Free Fatty Acids: An Optimized Process,” Biomass Bioenergy, 31(8), pp. 569–575. [CrossRef]
Srivastava, P. K., and Verma, M., 2008, “Methyl Ester of Karanja Oil as an Alternative Renewable Source Energy,” Fuel, 87(8–9), pp. 1673–1677. [CrossRef]
Yuan, W., Hansen, A. C., and Zhang, Q., 2003, “Predicting the Physical Properties of Biodiesel for Combustion Modeling,” Trans. ASAE, 46(6), pp. 1487–1493.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Comparison of theoretical mass burning rate predictions against experimental results

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Nondimensional surface regression of (a) JME blends and (b) KME blends

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Temporal variation of burning rates for (a) JME blends and (b) KME blends

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Variation of mass burning rate with time for (a) J20D80 and (b) K20D80

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Duration of different combustion modes



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In