Research Papers

The Fuel Shortage and Thermodynamics—The Entropy Crisis*

[+] Author and Article Information
Joseph H. Keenan, Elias P. Gyftopoulos

Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
Cambridge, MA 02139

George N. Hatsopoulos

Thermo Electron Corporation,
Waltham, MA 02451

The adjective useful is included here because some work may be done on or by the atmosphere as the system changes volume. This part of the work is excluded from the quantity called here the available useful work. It is not excluded from another availability function which is used in the derivation of the property entropy.

This Fachheft includes, pp. 506–509, a bibliography which, although it excludes the work of Gibbs, is an excellent list for the years 1889 to 1961.

*Invited paper presented at a conference at MIT, Feb. 12–14, 1973, by the last author. The text is a revised version of the lecture, publilshed in Energy: Demand, Conservation, and Institutional Problems, edited by M. Macrakis, MIT Press, pp. 455–466 (1973). Reprinted with permission.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 137(2), 021001 (Mar 01, 2015) (4 pages) Paper No: 01-KeenanGyftopoulosHats; doi: 10.1115/1.4026377 History: Online November 13, 2014

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Bosnjakovic, Franjo (1935). Technische Thermodynamik Vol. 1, p. 138, and Vol. 2, p. 2, Steinkopff, Dresden, Leipzig.
Brennstoff-Warme-Kraft (1961). Fachheft Exergie, Vol. 13.
Darricus, G., (1930). Revue Générale de I'Electricité, Vol. 27, pp. 963–968, June 21 also Engineering, pp. 283–285, September 5.
Gibbs, J. W., (1948). The Collected Works of J. Willard. Gibbs, Vol. 1, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn., p. 77, equation (54).
Gouy, M., (1889). Journal de Physique, 2nd Series, Vol. VIII, pp. 501–518.
Kecnan, J. H. (1932). Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 54. pp. 195–204. March.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Available useful work from oxidation of CH2 (Equation 1)



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