Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

Introduction of Novel Process for Sweetening of Sour Crude Oil: Optimization of Process

[+] Author and Article Information
Farshad Farahbod

Department of Chemical Engineering,
Firoozabad branch,
Islamic Azad University,
Firoozabad, Iran
e-mail: mf_fche@iauf.ac.ir

Sara Farahmand

School of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering,
Molasadra Avenue Engineering Building,
Shiraz, Iran
e-mail: sfarahmand2005@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received December 4, 2015; final manuscript received September 27, 2016; published online November 10, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Daoyong (Tony) Yang.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 139(2), 022907 (Nov 10, 2016) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-15-1458; doi: 10.1115/1.4034905 History: Received December 04, 2015; Revised September 27, 2016

The subject of this experimental report is the application of nanoparticles in petroleum refining. Sulfur removal from petroleum using carbon nanotubes is considered in this study. The properties related to the process characterization are measured experimentally and reported. The effect of low range temperature and pressure, initial concentration, interfacial velocity, the ratio of height to diameter of the bed and particle diameter on the outlet sulfur is investigated. Design of experiment is performed to show which of the controllable parameters affects the sulfur removal process and a predictive model is developed. Optimization of the model is performed with the aim that the outlet sulfur content less than 0.6 ppm is achievable. Also, the increase in the amount of pollutant higher than 50 ppm sulfur and increase in the amount of superficial velocity higher than 0.4 m/s lead the adsorption process to the improper results. Finally, cost estimation due to pressure and temperature is presented and the optimum conditions of 1.7 atm pressure and 35 °C temperature with the height to diameter ratio of three and nano carbon tubes of 50 nm for packed bed are proposed.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Memar Kazerooni, M. R. , and Farahbod, F. , 2016, “ Experimental Investigation of Sulphur Removal from LPG: New Aspect,” J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 9(1), pp. 164–169. [CrossRef]
Mumin, R. , Xiangyun, S. , and Cairns Elton, J. , 2012, “ Nano-Carbon/Sulfur Composite Cathode Materials With Carbon Nanofiber as Electrical Conductor for Advanced Secondary Lithium/Sulfur Cells,” J. Power Sources, 205(1), pp. 474–478.
Rokni, E. , Panahi, A. , Ren, X. , and Levendis, Y. A. , 2016, “ Reduction of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions by Burning Coal Blends,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(3), p. 032204. [CrossRef]
Vincent Wong, K. , and Tan, N. , 2015, “ Feasibility of Using More Geothermal Energy to Generate Electricity,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 137(4), p. 041201. [CrossRef]
Vincent Wong, K. , 2015, “ Planning and Engineering Strategies to Mitigate Effects of Climate Change,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(1), p. 014701. [CrossRef]
Hosseinkhani, M. , Montazer, M. , Eskandarnejad, S. , and Rahimi, M. K. , 2012, “ Simultaneous In Situ Synthesis of Nano Silver and Wool Fiber Fineness Enhancement Using Sulphur Based Reducing Agents,” Colloids Surf. A, 415(5), pp. 431–438. [CrossRef]
Upendra Roy, B. P. , and Rengarajan, N. , 2016, “ Feasibility Study of an Energy Storage System for Distributed Generation System in Islanding Mode,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 139(1), p. 011901. [CrossRef]
El-Emam Rami, S. , and Dincer, I. , 2016, “ Assessment and Evolutionary Based Multi-Objective Optimization of a Novel Renewable-Based Polygeneration Energy System,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 139(1), p. 012003. [CrossRef]
Van Treuren, K. W. , 2015, “ Small-Scale Turbine Testing in Wind Tunnels Under Low Reynolds Number Conditions,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 137(5), p. 051208. [CrossRef]
Vishal, B. , Arvind, K. , Samanta, S. , Singh, A. , Debnath, A. K. , Aman, M. , Bedi, R. K. , Aswal, D. K. , and Gupta, S. K. , 2013, “ Nano-Crystalline Fe2O3 Thin Films for PPM Level Detection of H2S,” Sens. Actuators B, 181, pp. 471–478. [CrossRef]
Habibi, R. , Rashidi, A. M. , Towfighi Daryan, J. , and Alizadeh, A. , 2010, “ Study of the Rod—Like and Spherical Nano ZnO Morphology on H2S Removal From Natural Gas,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 257(2), pp. 434–439. [CrossRef]
Fazaeli, R. , Aliyan, H. , Moghadam, M. , and Masoudinia, M. , 2013, “ Nano-Rod Catalysts: Building MOF Bottles (MIL-101 Family as Heterogeneous Single-Site Catalysts) Around Vanadium Oxide Ships,” J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 374–375, pp. 46–52. [CrossRef]
Novochimskii, I. I. , Song, C. H. , Ma, X. , Liu, X. , Shore, L. , Lampert, J. , and Farrauto, R. J. , 2004, “ Low Temperature H2S Removal From Steam Containing Gas Mixtures With ZnO for Fuel Cell Application—1: ZnO Particles and Extrudates,” Energy Fuel., 18(2), pp. 576–591. [CrossRef]
Thamir, K. I. , and Rahman, M. M. , 2015, “ Optimum Performance Improvements of the Combined Cycle Based on an Intercooler-Reheated Gas Turbine,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 137(6), p. 061601. [CrossRef]
Bera, A. , and Babadagli, T. , 2015, “ Status of Electromagnetic Heating for Enhanced Heavy Oil/Bitumen Recovery and Future Prospects: A Review,” Appl. Energy, 151, pp. 206–226. [CrossRef]
Farahbod, F. , and Farahmand, S. , 2015, “ Experimental and Theoretical Study of Fluidized Bed for SO2 Recovery as Sulfur From Effluent Gases From Sulfur Production Unit,” Fuel J. Fuel, 156, pp. 103–109. [CrossRef]
Wojtanowicz Andrew, K. , 2014, “ Special Issue: Recent Studies of Petroleum Wells and Reservoirs,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 136(4), p. 040301. [CrossRef]
Emiliano, P. , and Giuseppe, G. , 2014, “ Experimental Determination of Liquefied Petroleum Gas–Gasoline Mixtures Knock Resistance,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 136(12), p. 121502. [CrossRef]
Heming, W. , Xianshang, L. , Lijun, Z. , Yulu, Z. , and Daohong, X. , 2014, “ Preparation and Performance of a Fixed Bed Catalyst for the Oxidation of Sodium Mercaptides,” Bull. Chem. React. Eng. Catal., 9(2), pp. 87–92.
Hakimi, A. , and Farahbod, F. , 2016, “ Experimental Evaluation of Dimensionless Groups for Scale Up of Sulfur Removal Process,” Int. J. Chem. Biomol. Sci., 2(1), pp. 43–46. http://files.aiscience.org/journal/article/pdf/70420075.pdf
Ganguly, S. K. , Das, G. , Kumar, G. , Kumar, S. , Sain, B. , and Garg, M. O. , 2013, “ Catalytic Oxidation of Mercaptans in Light Oil Sweetening: Kinetics and Reactor Design,” Chem. Eng. Trans., 32, pp. 661–666.
Riazi, M. R. , 2005, Characterization and Properties of Petroleum Fractions, 1st, ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, pp. 254–257.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Externally studentized residuals versus run number

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Predicted values versus actual amounts of logit (C/C0)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Normal plot of residuals

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of experimental equipments and (b) a schematic of layered packed bed

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The effect of temperature and pressure on C/C0

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

The effect of input concentration on C/C0 values

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

The effect of superficial velocity on the amount of C/C0

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The effect of particle diameter on the value of C/C0

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

The effect of cross-section area on the amount of C/C0

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

The effect of ratio of H/D on values of C/C0

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Contour plot in numerical optimization

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

The amount of pressure drop versus H/D

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Perturbation plot in numerical optimization

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Amount of design cost versus pressure

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Energy cost versus temperature



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In