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Research Papers: Energy Storage/Systems

Feasibility Analysis of Energy Storage Technologies in Power Systems for Arid Region

[+] Author and Article Information
K. J. Sreekanth

Energy and Building Research Center,
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research,
Kuwait City 13109, Kuwait
e-mail: sreekanthkj@kisr.edu.kw

R. Al Foraih, A. Al-Mulla, B. Abdulrahman

Energy and Building Research Center,
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research,
Kuwait City 13109, Kuwait

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received April 15, 2018; final manuscript received July 9, 2018; published online August 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Abel Hernandez-Guerrero.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(1), 011901 (Aug 09, 2018) (16 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1271; doi: 10.1115/1.4040931 History: Received April 15, 2018; Revised July 09, 2018

The benefits of energy storage technologies (ESTs) as a step of managing the future energy demand, by considering the case of electric power systems (EPS) in arid regions, were the focus of this study. The evaluation of different forms of ESTs' integration into the existing EPS, especially those with higher potential for solving issues related to the optimization of the power supply and high demands at peak loads, was carried out. Two interactive programs—ESCT and ES-Select—were utilized in the feasibility study that allowed evaluating various ESTs with regard to their characteristics, costs, benefits, which was carried out for the first time in this region. The study analyzed a variety of power ranges within the power system components including bulk generation, transmission, distribution, commercial and industrial, and residential users. These programs were used to address the price and cost components assuming a normal distribution, as well as the cycle life, size, efficiency, cash flow, payback, benefits range, and market potential of 19 important ESTs about the arid region. The obtained data were all combined to verify the appropriateness of these ESTs, which has been followed by determining the optimal use and best probable physical placement of these ESTs within the EPS, by allowing for the economic, environmental, and technical feasibility. The study showed that the compressed air energy storage (CAES) is the most promising option followed by pumped hydro storage (PHS) and sodium-sulfur battery (NaS), based on the technical and economic evaluations of the different ESTs in arid regions.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Methodology for evaluating the ESTs

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Fig. 2

Maturity curve of selected energy storage technologies (Source: Schlumberger Business Consulting (SBC) Energy Institute, 2015)

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Fig. 3

Flow diagram of software system

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Fig. 4

Flow diagram showing the system modeling processes for EST

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Fig. 5

Five possible locations for connecting energy storage to an electric grid, with the central or bulk storage (>50 MW) being selected

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Fig. 6

Feasibility criteria analysis of various ESTs with the central or bulk storage

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Fig. 7

Feasibility criteria analysis of various ESTs with the substation

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Fig. 8

Cumulative net cash flow for central or bulk storage

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Fig. 9

Cumulative costs and benefits for central or bulk storage

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Fig. 10

Cumulative net cash flow for substation assembly

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Fig. 11

The payback period for the central or bulk storage EST

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Fig. 12

The payback period for the substation EST

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Fig. 13

Discharge duration versus energy efficiency for the central storage location

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Fig. 14

Discharge duration versus energy efficiency for substation location

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