Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

A Mathematical Investigation of Premixed Lycopodium Dust Flame in a Small Furnace

[+] Author and Article Information
Hesam Moghadasi

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Department of Energy Conversion,
Iran University of Science and
Technology (IUST),
Narmak, Tehran 16846-13114, Iran
e-mail: hesam_moghadasi@mecheng.iust.ac.ir

Alireza Rahbari

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University
Tehran 1678815811, Iran;
Research School of Engineering,
The Australian National University,
Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
e-mails: ar.rahbari@gmail.com;

Mehdi Bidabadi

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Department of Energy Conversion,
Iran University of Science and
Technology (IUST),
Narmak, Tehran 16846-13114, Iran
e-mail: bidabadi@iust.ac.ir

Alireza Khoeini Poorfar

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Department of Energy Conversion,
Iran University of Science and
Technology (IUST),
Narmak, Tehran 16846-13114, Iran
e-mail: alirezapoorfar@alumni.iust.ac.ir

Vahid Farhangmehr

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Bonab,
Bonab, 5551761167, Iran
email: farhangmehr.vahid@bonabu.ac.ir

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 25, 2018; final manuscript received July 19, 2018; published online September 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Reza Sheikhi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(3), 032201 (Sep 14, 2018) (6 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1364; doi: 10.1115/1.4041106 History: Received May 25, 2018; Revised July 19, 2018

In the present study, a comprehensive mathematical method is developed to realize the flame expansion in the melting furnace zones. For this purpose, the furnace is composed of two zones: flame and post flame zones. Two different scenarios are covered in this research: Using lycopodium as a substitute fuel which is then converted to methane after the vaporization process, supplying the system with methane directly as a conventional fuel. The equations governing the problem with the required boundary conditions are developed and solved in each zone. The obtained results show great compatibility with the experimental findings in this research. Since lycopodium as the replacement fuel mostly contains volatile materials, one of the challenges in this study lies on understanding the effect of particle vaporization on the temperature distribution in a furnace. It is concluded that the average temperature in zones α1, α2, β1, and β2, is reduced by about 5 K, while it is increased by approximately the same amount in zones χ1, χ2, δ1, and δ2 after considering lycopodium as a fuel. Moreover, the role of vaporization and radiation on the combustion characteristics is studied in details. The achieved results from this analysis can be implemented in several industrial applications aiming for improving the energy efficiency outcome from their systems.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Monteiro, E. , and Rouboa, A. , 2011, “Measurements of the Laminar Burning Velocities for Typical Syngas-Air Mixtures at Elevated Pressures,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 133(3), p. 031002. [CrossRef]
Afzalabadi, A. , Poorfar, A. K. , Bidabadi, M. , Moghadasi, H. , Hochgreb, S. , Rahbari, A. , and Dubois, C. , 2017, “Study on Hybrid Combustion of Aero-Suspensions of Boron-Aluminum Powders in a Quiescent Reaction Medium,” J. Loss Prev. Process Ind., 49, pp. 645–651. [CrossRef]
Eckhoff, R. K. , 2003, Dust Explosions in the Process Industries: Identification, Assessment and Control of Dust Hazards, 3rd ed., Gulfprofessional Publishing, Houston, TX, p. 719.
Han, O. S. , Yashima, M. , Matsuda, T. , Matsui, H. , Miyake, A. , and Ogawa, T. , 2001, “A Study of Flame Propagation Mechanisms in Lycopodium Dust Clouds Based on Dust Particles' Behavior,” J. Loss Prev. Process Ind., 14(3), pp. 153–160. [CrossRef]
Bidabadi, M. , and Rahbari, A. , 2009, “Modeling Combustion of Lycopodium Particles by Considering the Temperature Difference Between the Gas and the Particles,” Combust., Explos. Shock Waves, 45(3), pp. 278–285. [CrossRef]
Bidabadi, M. , and Rahbari, A. , 2009, “Novel Analytical Model for Predicting the Combustion Characteristics of Premixed Flame Propagation in Lycopodium Dust Particles,” J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 23(9), pp. 2417–2423. [CrossRef]
Rahbari, A. , Wong, K. F. , Akbari Vakilabadi, M. , Khoeiini Poorfar, A. , and Afzalabadi, A. , 2017, “Theoretical Investigation of Particle Behavior on Flame Propagation in Lycopodium Dust Cloud,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 139(1), p. 012202. [CrossRef]
Holladay, A. R. , 2005, Modeling and Control of a Small Glass Furnace, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
Morris, H. A. , 2007, “Advanced Modeling for Small Glass Furnaces,” M.Sc. thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
Abbassi, A. , and Khoshmanesh, K. , 2008, “Numerical Simulation and Experimental Analysis of an Industrial Glass Melting Furnace,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 28(5–6), pp. 450–459. [CrossRef]
Sardeshpande, W. , Gaitonde, U. N. , and Banerjee, R. , 2007, “Model Based Energy Benchmarking for Glass Furnace,” Energ. Convers. Manage., 48(10), pp. 2718–2738. [CrossRef]
Auchet, O. , Riedinger, P. , Malasse, O. , and lung, C. , 2008, “First-Principles Simplified Modelling of Glass Furnaces Combustion Chambers,” Control Eng. Pract., 16(12), pp. 1443–1456. [CrossRef]
Sardeshpande, W. , Anthony, R. , Gaitonde, U. N. , and Banerjee, R. , 2011, “Performance Analysis for Glass Furnace Regenerator,” Appl. Energy, 88(12), pp. 4451–4458. [CrossRef]
Tapasa, K. , and Jitwatcharakomol, T. , 2012, “Thermodynamic Calculation of Exploited Heat Used in Glass Melting Furnace,” Procedia Eng., 32, pp. 959–975. [CrossRef]
Caliskan, H. , and Hepbasli, A. , 2010, “Exergetic Analysis and Assessment of Industrial Furnaces,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 132(1), p. 012001. [CrossRef]
Shanmukharadhya, K. S. , and Sudhakar, K. G. , 2005, “Effect of Fuel Moisture on Combustion in a Bagasse Fired Furnace,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 129(3), pp. 248–253. [CrossRef]
Li, Z. , He, X. , Wang, Y. , Zhang, B. , and He, H. , 2014, “Design of a Flat Glass Furnace Waste Heat Power Generation System,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 63(1), pp. 290–295. [CrossRef]
Sadrameli, S. M. , and Ajdari, H. R. B. , 2015, “Mathematical Modelling and Simulation of Thermal Regenerators Including Solid Radial Conduction Effects,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 76, pp. 441–448. [CrossRef]
Dzyuzer, V. Y. , Shvydkii, V. S. , and Kut'in, V. B. , 2004, “Mathematical Model of a Glass-Melting Furnace With Horseshoe-Shaped Flame,” Glass Ceram., 61(9/10), pp. 323–327. [CrossRef]
Seshadri, K. , Berlad, A. L. , and Tangirala, W. , 1992, “The Structure of Premixed Particle-Cloud Flames,” Combust. Flame, 89(3–4), pp. 333–342. [CrossRef]
Rockwell, S. R. , and Rangwala, A. S. , 2013, “Modeling of Dust Air Flames,” Fire Saf. J., 59, pp. 22–29. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Three-dimensional furnace model division

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Top and front view of fire and divisions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Side view of furnace division with labels

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Comparison between numerical and experimental values of critical temperature at different locations of furnace

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The effect of radiation percentage on the variation of temperature profile versus time

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The effect of vaporization on the temperature distribution in zones α2 and δ1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Back profile temperatures during the melt cycle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Front profile temperatures during the melt cycle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Side profile temperatures near the flame during the melt cycle



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In