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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Performance Analysis of a Solar-Powered Multi-Effect Refrigeration System

[+] Author and Article Information
Ayman J. Alazazmeh

Mechanical Engineering Department,
College of Engineering,
King Fahd University of Petroleum and
Minerals (KFUPM),
P. O. Box 279,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: g201204580@kfupm.edu.sa

Esmail M. A. Mokheimer

Mem. ASME
Mechanical Engineering Department,
College of Engineering,
King Fahd University of Petroleum and
Minerals (KFUPM),
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia;
Center of Research Excellence in Energy Efficiency (CEEE),
King Fahd University of Petroleum and
Minerals (KFUPM),
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia;
Center of Research Excellence in Renewable Energy (CoRe-RE),
King Fahd University of Petroleum and
Minerals (KFUPM),
P. O. Box 279,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: esmailm@kfupm.edu.sa

Abdul Khaliq

Mechanical Engineering Department,
College of Engineering,
King Fahd University of Petroleum and
Minerals (KFUPM),
P. O. Box 279,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: khaliqsb@gmail.com

Bilal A. Qureshi

Mechanical Engineering Department,
College of Engineering,
King Fahd University of Petroleum and
Minerals (KFUPM),
P. O. Box 567,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: bqureshi@kfupm.edu.sa

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 17, 2018; final manuscript received December 5, 2018; published online January 9, 2019. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(7), 072001 (Jan 09, 2019) (13 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1790; doi: 10.1115/1.4042240 History: Received October 17, 2018; Revised December 05, 2018

The main objective of the current work is to investigate the thermodynamic performance of a novel solar powered multi-effect refrigeration system. The proposed cycle consists of a solar tower system with a heliostat field and central receiver (CR) that has molten salt as the heat transfer fluid, an absorption refrigeration cycle (ARC), an ejector refrigeration cycle (ERC), and a cascade refrigeration cycle (CRC). Energy and exergy analyses were carried out to measure the thermodynamic performance of the proposed cycle, using Dhahran weather data and operating conditions. The largest contribution to cycle irreversibility was found to be from the CR system (52.5%), followed by the heliostat field (25%). The first and second-law efficiencies improved due to the increase in the following parameters: ejector evaporator temperature, turbine inlet and exit pressures, and cascade evaporator temperature. Parametric analysis showed that the compressor delivery pressure, turbine inlet and exit pressures, hot molten salt outlet temperature, and ejector evaporator temperature significantly affect the refrigeration output.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Solar driven triple effect refrigeration cycle

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Fig. 2

Validation for CR surface temperature variation with the aperture area using Ref. [33]

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Fig. 3

Validation for CR surface temperature variation with hot molten salt outlet temperature using Ref. [33]

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Fig. 4

Validation for CR thermal efficiency variation with hot molten salt outlet temperature using Ref. [33]

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Fig. 5

Validation for ejector cycle refrigeration output variation with hot molten salt outlet temperature for the present model and the model reported by Agrawal et al. [10]

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Fig. 6

Validation for ejector cycle refrigeration output variation with turbine inlet pressure using the work of Agrawal et al. [10]

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Fig. 7

Validation for ARC refrigeration output variation with hot molten salt outlet temperature for the present model and the model reported by Agrawal et al. [10]

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Fig. 8

Validation for ARC refrigeration output variation with turbine inlet pressure for the present model and the model reported by Agrawal et al. [10]

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Fig. 9

Validation for CRC refrigeration output variation with hot molten salt outlet temperature for the present model and the model reported by Agrawal et al. [10]

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Fig. 10

Validation for CRC refrigeration output variation with turbine inlet pressure for the present model and the model reported by Agrawal et al. [10]

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Fig. 11

Distribution of the Sun's exergy in the output and destruction for the proposed cycle

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Fig. 12

Change in the refrigeration output for the proposed cycle with outlet temperature of hot molten salt

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Fig. 13

Variation of first and second law efficiencies for the proposed cycle with hot molten salt outlet temperature

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Fig. 14

Variation in refrigeration output for the proposed cycle with turbine inlet pressure

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Fig. 15

Variation of first and second law efficiency for the proposed cycle with respect to inlet pressure of the turbine

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Fig. 16

Refrigeration capacity of ARC, ERC, CRC, and the combined cycle with variation of average daily solar radiation

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Fig. 17

Refrigeration capacity of ARC, ERC, CRC, and the combined cycle with variation of average daily solar radiation annually

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Fig. 18

Refrigeration capacity of ARC, ERC, CRC, and the combined cycle with variation of average hourly solar radiation on June 11

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Fig. 19

Refrigeration capacity of ARC, ERC, CRC, and the combined cycle with variation of average hourly solar radiation on June 11

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Fig. 20

Refrigeration capacity of ARC, ERC, CRC, and the combined cycle with variation of average hourly solar radiation on Dec. 10

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Fig. 21

Refrigeration capacity of ARC, ERC, CRC, and the combined cycle with variation of average hourly solar radiation on Dec. 10

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