0
Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

Synergistic Inhibition Effect of Organic Salt and Polyamine on Water-Sensitive Shale Swelling and Dispersion

[+] Author and Article Information
Gui Wang

State Key Laboratory of Oil &
Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation,
Southwest Petroleum University,
Xindu,
Chengdu, Sichuan 610500, China

Hui Du

State Key Laboratory of Oil &
Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation,
Southwest Petroleum University,
Xindu,
Chengdu, Sichuan 610500, China
e-mail: woshiduhui1@gmail.com

Shuxian Jiang

Department of Petroleum Engineering,
University of Louisiana at Lafayette,
Lafayette, LA 70504
e-mail: sxj2822@louisiana.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 2, 2018; final manuscript received January 7, 2019; published online January 30, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Fanhua Zeng.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(8), 082901 (Jan 30, 2019) (6 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1309; doi: 10.1115/1.4042528 History: Received May 02, 2018; Revised January 07, 2019

Drilling fluid with strong inhibition performance is crucial in drilling water-sensitive shale formations. An organic salt compound and polyamine were tested for their ability to inhibit shale swelling and dispersion, both individually and in combination. The linear shale swelling rate can be suppressed to less than 20% when the inhibitors are combined, and the hot rolling recovery rate of shale cuttings can improve up to 85%. The interlamellar spacing d001, zeta potential, particle size distribution, water activity, and adsorptive capacity of clays were tested to determine the suppression mechanism of the shale inhibitors. These results show that the organic salt YJS-2 functioned remarkably in crystal lattice fixation, electric double-layer compression, adjustment of water activity, and enhancement of polymer adsorption onto the clay particle surface. Polyamine can enter the clay mineral interlayer and compress the electric double-layer to some extent. It can also synergistically function with YJS-2. Therefore, a combination of these two shale inhibitors worked synergistically to provide crystal lattice fixation, electric double-layer compression, water activity adjustment, adsorption on the surface of clay particles, and encapsulation.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Gholami, R. , Elochukwu, H. , Fakhari, N. , and Sarmadivaleh, M. , 2018, “ A Review on Borehole Instability in Active Shale Formations: Interactions, Mechanisms and Inhibitors,” Earth-Sci. Rev., 177, pp. 2–13. [CrossRef]
Anderson, R. L. , Ratcliffe, I. , Greenwell, H. C. , Williams, P. A. , Cliffe, S. , and Coveney, P. V. , 2010, “ Clay Swelling—A Challenge in the Oilfield,” Earth-Sci. Rev., 98(3–4), pp. 201–216. [CrossRef]
van Oort, E. , 2003, “ On the Physical and Chemical Stability of Shales,” J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 38(3–4), pp. 213–235. [CrossRef]
Chen, X. , Gao, D. , Yang, J. , Luo, M. , Feng, Y. , and Li, X. , 2018, “ A Comprehensive Wellbore Stability Model Considering Poroelastic and Thermal Effects for Inclined Wellbores in Deepwater Drilling,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 140(9), p. 092903. [CrossRef]
Ezeakacha, C. , Salehi, S. , and Hayatdavoudi, A. , 2017, “ Experimental Study of Drilling Fluid's Filtration and Mud Cake Evolution in Sandstone Formations,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 139(2), p. 022912. [CrossRef]
Zhao, X. , Qiu, Z. , Wang, M. , Huang, W. , and Zhang, S. , 2018, “ Performance Evaluation of a Highly Inhibitive Water-Based Drilling Fluid for Ultralow Temperature Wells,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 140(1), p. 012906. [CrossRef]
Adewole, J. K. , and Najimu, M. O. , 2018, “ A Study on the Effects of Date Pit-Based Additive on the Performance of Water-Based Drilling Fluid,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 140(5), p. 052903. [CrossRef]
Xu, J.-G. , Qiu, Z.-S. , Zhao, X. , Zhong, H.-y. , Li, G.-R. , and Huang, W.-A. , 2018, “ Synthesis and Characterization of Shale Stabilizer Based on Polyethylene Glycol Grafted Nano-Silica Composite in Water-Based Drilling Fluids,” J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 163, pp. 371–377. [CrossRef]
Jiang, G. , Zhang, X. , Dong, T. , Xuan, Y. , Wang, L. , and Jiang, Q. , 2018, “ A New Inhibitor of P(AM-DMDAAC)/PVA Intermacromolecular Complex for Shale in Drilling Fluids,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 135(1), p. 45584. [CrossRef]
An, Y. , and Yu, P. , 2018, “ A Strong Inhibition of Polyethyleneimine as Shale Inhibitor in Drilling Fluid,” J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 161, pp. 1–8. [CrossRef]
Luo, Z. , Wang, L. , Yu, P. , and Chen, Z. , 2017, “ Experimental Study on the Application of an Ionic Liquid as a Shale Inhibitor and Inhibitive Mechanism,” Appl. Clay Sci., 150, pp. 267–274. [CrossRef]
Xuan, Y. , Jiang, G. , Li, Y. , Yang, L. , and Zhang, X. , 2015, “ Biodegradable Oligo (Poly-L-Lysine) as a High-Performance Hydration Inhibitor for Shale,” RSC Adv., 5(103), pp. 84947–84958. [CrossRef]
Wang, L. , Liu, S. , Wang, T. , and Sun, D. , 2011, “ Effect of Poly(oxypropylene)diamine Adsorption on Hydration and Dispersion of Montmorillonite Particles in Aqueous Solution,” Colloids Surf., A, 381(1–3), pp. 41–47. [CrossRef]
Rodrigues, J. D. A. , Lachter, E. R. , de Sá, C. H. , de Mello, M. , and Nascimento, R. S. V. , 2006, “ New Multifunctional Polymeric Additives for Water-Based Muds,” SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, Sept. 24--27, SPE Paper No. SPE-106527-STU.
Liu, S. , Mo, X. , Zhang, C. , Sun, D. , and Mu, C. , 2004, “ Swelling Inhibition by Polyglycols in Montmorillonite Dispersions,” J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 25(1), pp. 63–66. [CrossRef]
Swartwout, R. , and Pearcy, R. , 1996, “ Design and Application of Brine-Based Drilling Fluids,” International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition of Mexico, Villahermosa, Mexico, Mar. 5--7, SPE Paper No. SPE35332.
Reid, P. , Dolan, B. , and Cliffe, S. , 1995, “ Mechanism of Shale Inhibition by Polyols in Water Based Drilling Fluids,” SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, San Antonio, TX, Feb. 14–17, SPE Paper No. SPE-128960.
Qu, Y. , Lai, X. , Zou, L. , and Su, Y. N. , 2009, “ Polyoxyalkyleneamine as Shale Inhibitor in Water-Based Drilling Fluids,” Appl. Clay Sci., 44(3–4), pp. 265–268. [CrossRef]
Ma, F. , Pu, X. , Wang, B. , Li, J. , and Cao, C. , 2017, “ Preparation and Evaluation of Polyampholyte Inhibitor DAM,” RSC Adv., 7(78), pp. 49320–49328. [CrossRef]
Zhong, H. , Sun, D. , Huang, W. , Liu, Y. , and Qiu, Z. , 2015, “ Effect of Cycloaliphatic Amine on the Shale Inhibitive Properties of Water-Based Drilling Fluid,” Open Fuels Energy Sci. J., 8(1), pp. 19–27.
Zhong, H. , Qiu, Z. , Sun, D. , Zhang, D. , and Huang, W. , 2015, “ Inhibitive Properties Comparison of Different Polyetheramines in Water-Based Drilling Fluid,” J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng., 26, pp. 99–107. [CrossRef]
Yang, L. , Jiang, G. , Shi, Y. , and Yang, X. , 2017, “ Application of Ionic Liquid and Polymeric Ionic Liquid as Shale Hydration Inhibitors,” Energy Fuels, 31(4), pp. 4308–4317. [CrossRef]
Xie, G. , Luo, P. , Deng, M. , Su, J. , Wang, Z. , Gong, R. , Xie, J. , Deng, S. , and Duan, Q. , 2017, “ Investigation of the Inhibition Mechanism of the Number of Primary Amine Groups of Alkylamines on the Swelling of Bentonite,” Appl. Clay Sci., 136, pp. 43–50. [CrossRef]
Zhong, H. , Qiu, Z. , Tang, Z. , Zhang, X. , Zhang, D. , and Huang, W. , 2016, “ Minimization Shale Hydration With the Combination of Hydroxyl-Terminated PAMAM Dendrimers and KCl,” J. Mater. Sci., 51(18), pp. 8484–8501. [CrossRef]
Zhong, H. , Qiu, Z. , Huang, W. , Sun, D. , Zhang, D. , and Cao, J. , 2015, “ Synergistic Stabilization of Shale by a Mixture of Polyamidoamine Dendrimers Modified Bentonite With Various Generations in Water-Based Drilling Fluid,” Appl. Clay Sci., 114, pp. 359–369. [CrossRef]
Balaban, R. D. C. , Vidal, E. L. F. , and Borges, M. R. , 2015, “ Design of Experiments to Evaluate Clay Swelling Inhibition by Different Combinations of Organic Compounds and Inorganic Salts for Application in Water Base Drilling Fluids,” Appl. Clay Sci., 105–106, pp. 124–130. [CrossRef]
Young, D. A. , and Smith, D. E. , 2000, “ Simulations of Clay Mineral Swelling and Hydration: Dependence Upon Interlayer Ion Size and Charge,” J. Phys. Chem. B, 104(39), pp. 9163–9170. [CrossRef]
Liu, J. , Song, S. , Chen, T. , Li, H. , and Zhao, Y. , 2015, “ Swelling Capacity of Montmorillonite in the Presence of Electrolytic Ions,” J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 37(3), pp. 380–385. [CrossRef]
Bailey, L. , Keall, M. , Audibert, A. , and Lecourtier, J. , 1994, “ Effect of Clay/Polymer Interactions on Shale Stabilization During Drilling,” Langmuir, 10(5), pp. 1544–1549. [CrossRef]
O'Brien, D. E. , and Chenevert, M. E. , 1973, “ Stabilizing Sensitive Shales With Inhibited, Potassium-Based Drilling Fluids,” J. Pet. Technol., 25(9), p. 1089. [CrossRef]
Duan, S. , and Li, G. , 2018, “ Equilibrium and Kinetics of Water Vapor Adsorption on Shale,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 140(12), p. 122001.
Hensen, E. J. M. , and Smit, B. , 2002, “ Why Clays Swell,” J. Phys. Chem. B, 106(49), pp. 12664–12667. [CrossRef]
Villabona-Estupiñán, S. , de Almeida Rodrigues, J. , and Nascimento, R. S. V. , 2017, “ Understanding the Clay-PEG (and Hydrophobic Derivatives) Interactions and Their Effect on Clay Hydration and Dispersion: A Comparative Study,” Appl. Clay Sci., 143, pp. 89–100. [CrossRef]
Zhong, H. Y. , Huang, W. A. , Qiu, Z. S. , Cao, J. , Xie, B. Q. , Wang, F. W. , and Zheng, W. , 2015, “ Inhibition Comparison Between Polyether Diamine and Formate Salts as Shale Inhibitor in Water-Based Drilling Fluid,” Energy Sources, Part A, 37(18), pp. 1971–1978. [CrossRef]
Zhong, H. Y. , Qiu, Z. S. , Huang, W. A. , Cao, J. , Wang, F. W. , and Zhang, X. B. , 2013, “ An Inhibition Properties Comparison of Potassium Chloride and Polyoxypropylene Diamine in Water-Based Drilling Fluid,” Pet. Sci. Technol., 31(20), pp. 2127–2133. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Shale linear swelling curves with different inhibitor solutions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Comparison of recovered shale cuttings for different shale inhibitors

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Schematic representation of synergistic inhibition of montmorillonite swelling

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

X-ray diffraction patterns and interlamellar spacing of bentonite (wet samples) treated with inhibitors: (a) inhibitor-free, (b) YJS-2, (c) SIAT, and (d) YJS-2+SIAT

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

X-ray diffraction patterns and interlamellar spacing of bentonite (dried samples) treated with inhibitors: (a) inhibitor-free, (b) YJS-2, (c) SIAT, and (d) YJS-2+SIAT

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Zeta potential changes with the inhibitor concentration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Schematic representation of the polymer adsorption effect: (a) coating effect and (b) bridging effect

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Effect of inhibitors on the particle size distribution of the shale samples

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Effect of organic salt YJS-2 on polyamine adsorption

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Water activity of different inhibitor solutions with various concentrations

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Diagram for the near-wellbore wall

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Conceptual illustration showing synergic inhibition of shale cutting swelling and dispersion

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In