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Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Physicochemical Properties of Fuel Blends Composed of Heavy Fuel Oil and Tire-Derived Pyrolytic Oils

[+] Author and Article Information
Grzegorz Borówka

Department of Fuels Technology,
Faculty of Energy and Fuels,
AGH-University Science and
Technology in Krakow,
Al. A. Mickiewicza 30,
Krakow 30-059, Poland

Krzysztof Bytnar, Mateusz Krzak, Wieslaw A. Zmuda

Department of Fuels Technology,
Faculty of Energy and Fuels,
AGH-University Science and
Technology in Krakow,
Al. A. Mickiewicza 30,
Krakow 30-059, Poland

Jerzy Walendziewski

Division of Fuels Chemistry and Technology,
Faculty of Chemistry,
Wroclaw University of Science and Technology,
Gdanska 7/9,
Wroclaw 50-344, Poland
e-mail: jerzy.walendziewski@pwr.edu.pl

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received January 7, 2019; final manuscript received February 7, 2019; published online February 27, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Samer F. Ahmed.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(4), 042207 (Feb 27, 2019) (6 pages) Paper No: JERT-19-1011; doi: 10.1115/1.4042826 History: Received January 07, 2019; Revised February 07, 2019

The paper presents physicochemical properties of pyrolysis oil (PO) blends obtained from pyrolysis of rubber and spent tires mixed with selected heavy fuel oil (HFO) and the effect of PO properties on physicochemical properties of the final heavy heating oil. On the basis of physicochemical properties determinations, one sample of PO was selected, which was characterized by the best properties from the point of view of technological application. In the next step, physicochemical properties for the selected sample of heavy heating fuel oil consisting of 25% PO and 75% HFO were determined. It was found that the most important property of tire-derived PO is the content of gasoline, i.e., light hydrocarbons with a boiling point below 180 °C, which determine the ignition temperature of the obtained fuel blends. This property determines also the amount of PO that can be added to HFO, on the order of 30 wt % and more. The lower content of light hydrocarbons, the greater the amount of PO can be used to compose HFO. A positive aspect of the use of tire derive PO for the composing of heavy heating fuel is about a threefold decrease in kinematic viscosity, lowering the flow temperature and a significant reduction in ash content. Other properties of the modified HFO remained virtually unchanged and the fuel obtained as a result of blending meets the requirements of the relevant standard.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Atmospheric distillation curves of PO samples

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Vacuum distillation curves of the sample Mix-D25

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