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Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Theoretical Assessment of Convective and Radiative Heat Losses in a One-Dimensional Multiregion Premixed Flame With Counter-Flow Design Crossing Through Biofuel Particles

[+] Author and Article Information
Mehdi Bidabadi

School of Engineering,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak 1684613114, Tehran
e-mail: bidabadi@iust.ac.ir

Saman Hosseinzadeh

School of Engineering,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak 1684613114, Tehran
e-mail: saman_hosseinzadeh@mecheng.iust.ac.ir

Sadegh Sadeghi

School of Engineering,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak 1475857718, Tehran
e-mail: sadeghsadeghi@mecheng.iust.ac.ir

Mostafa Setareh

School of Engineering,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak 1684613114, Tehran
e-mail: mostafa_setareh@mecheng.iust.ac.ir

1Correspondence author.

Contributed by Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received October 4, 2018; final manuscript received March 22, 2019; published online April 17, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Reza Sheikhi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(9), 092203 (Apr 17, 2019) (12 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1757; doi: 10.1115/1.4043325 History: Received October 04, 2018; Accepted March 24, 2019

Due to perspective of biomass usage as a viable source of energy, this paper suggests a potential theoretical approach for studying multiregion nonadiabatic premixed flames with counterflow design crossing through the mixture of air (oxidizer) and lycopodium particles (biofuel). In this research, convective and radiative heat losses are analytically described. Due to the properties of lycopodium, roles of drying and vaporization are included so that the flame structure is created from preheating, drying, vaporization, reaction, and postflame regions. To follow temperature profile and mass fraction of the biofuel in solid and gaseous phases, dimensionalized and nondimensionalized forms of mass and energy balances are expressed. To ensure the continuity and calculate the positions of drying, vaporization, and flame fronts, interface matching conditions are derived employing matlab and mathematica software. For validation purpose, results for temperature profile is compared with those provided in a previous research study and an appropriate is observed under the same conditions. Finally, changes in flame velocity, flame temperature, solid and gaseous fuel mass fractions, and particle size with position measured from the position of stagnation plane, strain rate, and heat transfer coefficient in the presence/absence of losses are evaluated.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Divisions of the premixed flame structure with counterflow design

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Change of gaseous fuel mass fraction versus position (distance from the stagnation plate) considering heat loss effects for d = 5 μm, Le = 1, a = 350/s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Change of gaseous fuel mass fraction versus position (distance from the stagnation plate) considering different strain rates for d = 5 μm, Le = 1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Change of biofuel mass fraction as a function of position considering heat loss effects for d = 5 μm, Le = 1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Change of flame temperature versus position when d = 5 μm, Le = 1, a = 2/s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Change of flame velocity versus strain rate for different biofuel radii considering the losses when Le = 1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Influence of the heat losses on particle diameter versus position when d = 5 μm, Le = 1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Change of flame temperature by heat transfer coefficient for different particle diameters when Le = 1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Change of flame temperature by strain rate for different particle diameters considering the heat loss effect when Le = 1

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