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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Design Performance Simulation of a Supercritical CO2 Cycle Coupling With a Steam Cycle for Gas Turbine Waste Heat Recovery

[+] Author and Article Information
Ziwei Bai

Beijing Key Laboratory of Emission Surveillance and Control for Thermal Power Generation,
North China Electric Power University,
Beijing 102206, China;
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering,
Northeastern University,
Boston, MA 02115
e-mail: baiziwei0427@sina.com

Guoqiang Zhang

Beijing Key Laboratory of Emission Surveillance and Control for Thermal Power Generation,
North China Electric Power University,
Beijing 102206, China
e-mail: zhanggqncepu@163.com

Yongping Yang

Beijing Key Laboratory of Emission Surveillance and Control for Thermal Power Generation,
North China Electric Power University,
Beijing 102206, China
e-mail: yypncepu@163.com

Ziyu Wang

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering,
Northeastern University,
Boston, MA 02115
e-mail: wang.ziyu2@husky.neu.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received January 15, 2019; final manuscript received March 28, 2019; published online April 17, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Esmail M. A. Mokheimer.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(10), 102001 (Apr 17, 2019) (11 pages) Paper No: JERT-19-1031; doi: 10.1115/1.4043391 History: Received January 15, 2019; Accepted March 28, 2019

This study presents a train of thought and method for flue gas energy utilization management by connecting an optimized supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO2) Brayton cycle with a selected steam/water Rankine cycle to recover the turbine exhaust gas heat with promising flue gas coupling capacity. Better performance over the currently used steam/water bottoming cycle is expected to be obtained by the combined bottoming cycle after the S-CO2 cycle is coupled with the high-temperature flue gas. The performances of several S-CO2 cycles are compared, and the selected steam/water cycle is maintained with constant flue gas inlet temperature to properly utilize the low-temperature flue gas. Aspen Plus is used for simulating the cycle performances and the flue gas heat duty. Results show that the recompression S-CO2 cycle with the reheating process is most recommended to be used in the combined bottoming cycle within the research scope. The suggested combined bottoming cycle may outperform most of the triple reheat steam/water cycles for the turbine exhaust temperature in the range of 602–640 °C. Subsequently, it is found that the intercooling process is not suggested if another heat recovery cycle is connected. Moreover, the specific work of the suggested S-CO2 cycles is calculated, and the bottoming cycle with the preheating cycle with the reheating process is found to be more compact than any other combined bottoming cycles.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Flow diagram of the novel combined cycle

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Fig. 2

Summary diagram of steam cycle performances (from Ref. [48])

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Fig. 3

Temperature configuration of the selected steam cycle

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Fig. 4

Flow diagrams of the S-CO2 cycles: (a) simple cycle (S), (b) preheating cycle (P), and (c) recompression cycle (C)

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Fig. 5

Flow diagrams of the S-CO2 cycles with intercooling/reheating: (a) simple cycle with intercooling (SI), (b) preheating cycle with intercooling (PI), (c) recompression cycle with intercooling (CI), (d) simple cycle with reheating (SR), (e) preheating cycle with reheating (PR), and (f) recompression cycle with reheating (CR)

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Fig. 6

Temperature requirement to obtain 39.4% combined bottoming efficiency

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Fig. 7

Temperature differences as a function of the cumulative thermal duty

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Fig. 8

Energy destructions caused by the heat sinks in S-CO2 cycles

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Fig. 9

T-S diagrams of the suggested S-CO2 cycle: (a) recompression cycle with reheating, (b) recompression cycle, and (c) preheating cycle with reheating

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Fig. 10

Required temperature as a function of the pressure drop ratio

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Fig. 11

Required temperature as a function of the recuperator pinch temperature difference

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Fig. 12

Cycle efficiencies as a function of the flue gas inlet temperature (data with* are taken from Ref. [48])

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Fig. 13

Specific works as a function of the flue gas inlet temperature

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