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Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

A Numerical Simulation for the Determination of the Shunt Ratio at a T-Junction With Different Branch Angles, Viscosities, and Flow Rates

[+] Author and Article Information
Nan Zhang

State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation,
Southwest Petroleum University,
Chengdu 610500, China
e-mail: zhnorn@126.com

Haitao Li

State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation,
Southwest Petroleum University,
Chengdu 610500, China
e-mail: lihaitao@swpu.edu.cn

Yunbao Zhang

Tianjin Branch of CNOOC Ltd.,
Tianjin 300452, China
e-mail: zhangyb14@cnooc.com.cn

Qing Deng

Petroleum Development Center CO., Ltd of Shengli Oil Field,
SINOPEC, Dongying 257001, China
e-mail: dengqing897.slyt@sinopec.com

Yongsheng Tan

State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation,
Southwest Petroleum University,
Chengdu 610500, China
e-mail: tanyongsheng2012@163.com

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received October 7, 2018; final manuscript received April 22, 2019; published online May 14, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Ray (Zhenhua) Rui.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 141(10), 102906 (May 14, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: JERT-18-1767; doi: 10.1115/1.4043635 History: Received October 07, 2018; Accepted April 24, 2019

T-junctions have been applied in water-control structures. A comprehensive understanding of shunt characteristics can contribute to the optimal design of T-junctions. In this work, we seek to understand the shunt ratio of fluids with different viscosities in a T-junction and to achieve a greater shunt ratio. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach is applied to study the influence of the properties, such as the fluid viscosity, the branch angle, the channel shape, and the flow rate, on the shunt ratio in a T-junction. The viscosity of oil can be divided into three intervals, and the optimal angles of the T-junction are different in each interval. For the fluid viscosity in the 1–20 cP range, the optimal branch angle is in the 45–60 deg range. For the fluid viscosity in the 20–65 cP range, the branch angle should be designed to be 45 deg. For the viscosity greater than 65 cP, the branch angle should be designed to be 75 deg. The appearance of the eddy and secondary flow will reduce the flow. The secondary flow and eddy intensity on the branch increase with increasing angle. The secondary flow intensity of the main channel decreases gradually with the increase in the angle. This study provides an important guidance for the design of automatic water control valve tools.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

A fluidic diode type AICD [36]

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Fig. 2

Physical model of T-junction

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Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup

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Fig. 4

Comparisons of the simulation and experimental data

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Fig. 5

Effect of the shape of the flow surface on the shunt ratio

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Fig. 6

Three-dimensional diagram of the shunt ratio changing with the angle and viscosity (1cP-500cP)

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Fig. 7

Two-dimensional diagram of the shunt ratio changing with the angle and viscosity (1cP-500cP)

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Fig. 8

Three-dimensional diagram of the shunt ratio changing with the angle and viscosity (1cP-50cP)

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Fig. 9

Two-dimensional diagram of the shunt ratio changing with the angle and viscosity (1cP-50cP)

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Fig. 10

Shunt ratio and streamline of water with different angles at 10 m3/d flow rate

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Fig. 11

Streamline diagram traced by the water velocity of the cross section of each channel at different angles

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Fig. 12

Shunt ratio and streamline of oil with different angles at 10 m3/d flow rate (the oil viscosity is 50 cP)

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Fig. 13

Streamline diagram traced by the oil velocity of the cross section of each channel at different angles (the oil viscosity is 50 cP)

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Fig. 14

Shunt ratio and streamline of oil (200 cP) with different angles at 10 m3/d flow rate

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Fig. 15

Streamline diagram traced by the oil velocity of the cross section of each channel at different angles (the oil viscosity is 200 cP)

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Fig. 16

Shunt ratio with different viscosities at 10 m3/d flow rate

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Fig. 17

Streamline diagram of oil with different viscosities at 10 m3/d flow rate

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Fig. 18

Pressure drop of different viscosities at 10 m3/d flow rate

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Fig. 19

Pressure distribution of different oil viscosities at the same flow rate (10 m3/d)

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Fig. 20

Shunt ratio of the branch for different flow rates

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Fig. 21

Streamline and vorticity of the branch for different flow rates: (a) 1 m3d, (b) 2 m3d, (c) 4 m3d, (d) 6 m3d, (e) 8 m3d, (f) 10 m3d, (g) 12 m3d, (h) 14 m3d

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