Air traffic volume is expected to triple in the U.S. and Europe by 2025, and as a result, the aerospace industry is facing stricter noise regulations. Apart from the engines, one of the significant contributors of aircraft noise is the deployment of high-lift devices, like leading-edge slats. The unsteady turbulent flow over a leading-edge slat is studied herein. In particular, particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements were performed on a scale-model wing equipped with a leading-edge slat in the H.J. Irving–J.C.C. Picot Wind Tunnel. Two Reynolds numbers based on wing chord were studied: Re = 6 × 105 and 1.3 × 106. A snapshot proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) analysis indicated that differences in the time-averaged statistics between the two Reynolds numbers were tied to differences in the coherent structures formed in the slat cove shear layer. In particular, the lower Reynolds number flow seemed to be dominated by a large-scale vortex formed in the slat cove that was related to the unsteady flapping and subsequent impingement of the shear layer onto the underside of the slat. A train of smaller, more regular vortices was detected for the larger Reynolds number case, which seemed to cause the shear layer to be less curved and impinge closer to the tail of the slat than for the lower Reynolds number case. The smaller structures are consistent with Rossiter modes being excited within the slat cove. The impingement of the shear layers on and the proximity of the vortices to the slat and the main wing are expected to be strong acoustic dipoles in both cases.
Particle Image Velocimetry Investigation of the Coherent Structures in a Leading-Edge Slat Flow
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received June 15, 2017; final manuscript received September 21, 2017; published online December 4, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Hui Hu.
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Richard, P. R., John Wilkins, S., and Hall, J. W. (December 4, 2017). "Particle Image Velocimetry Investigation of the Coherent Structures in a Leading-Edge Slat Flow." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. April 2018; 140(4): 041105. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038091
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