A semi-empirical equation for the determination of the stress concentration factor for spur gears is introduced. The effects of some design parameters such as fillet radii of rack cutters, teeth number, and profile shifting factor, on the stress distribution at the fillets of gear teeth are investigated. Values of the modified geometry factors for the standard and profile shifted teeth are also derived. It is hoped that the present investigation may yield a more accurate prediction of the localized stresses at tooth fillets than the results thus far available.

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